Industrial Control Solution Report Assignment Solved

Assignment Title: Industrial Control Solution

Student Name:

Student ID:

Mentor Name:

Design Brief

The basic design of a modernized automated brewery industrial control system has evolved manifolds over the centuries. The modern process is supposed to be completely automated from breaking down the malt to finally packaging and shipping the units. However, designing the whole process and setting up the machinery requires meticulous planning and a great level of technical expertise. This assignment specifically focusses on the process of fermentation in brewing.

Fermentation

Through the process of fermentation, the glucose in the wort is converted to ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide by the yeast. This process gives the beer both its alcohol content and its carbonation. Fermentation could take weeks. The equipment commonly used at this stage is simply called the fermentation tank.

The Process

The fermentation process begins with transferring the cooled wort into a fermentation vessel to which yeast has already been added. For making ale, the wort is maintained at a constant temperature of 68 degrees Fahrenheit (or 20 degrees Celsius) for about two weeks. For making lager, the wort is maintained at a constant temperature of 48 degrees Fahrenheit (9 degrees Celsius) for about six weeks.

Precautions

  • Since fermentation produces a substantial amount of heat, the tanks must be cooled constantly to maintain the proper temperature.
  • The yeast must remain pure and unchanged. Through the use of pure yeast culture plants, a particular beer flavour can be maintained year after year.
  • UV light must be blocked out and the tank must be covered.

Specifics

Common fermentation tanks hold more than 2,400 gallons (9,085 litres). It takes four batches to fill one tank. Since fermentation takes at least two weeks, the capacity of the brewery is limited by how many tanks they have.

When the wort is first added to the yeast, the specific gravity of the mixture is measured. At a later stage, it could be measured again to determine the amount of alcohol in the beer and when to stop the fermentation.

The fermenter is sealed off from the air except for a long narrow vent pipe, which allows carbon dioxide to escape from the fermenter. Since there is a constant flow of CO2 through the pipe, outside air is prevented from entering the fermenter, which reduces the threat of contamination by stray yeasts.

When fermentation is nearly complete, most of the yeast will settle to the bottom of the fermenter. The bottom of the fermenter is cone shaped, which makes it easy to capture and remove the yeast, which is saved and used in the next batch of beer. The yeast can be reused a number of times before it needs to be replaced. It is replaced when it has mutated and produces a different taste — remember, commercial brewing is all about consistency.

While fermentation is still happening, and when the specific gravity has reached a predetermined level, the carbon dioxide vent tube is capped. Now the vessel is sealed; so, as fermentation continues, pressure builds as CO2 continues to be produced. This is how the beer gets most of its carbonation, and the rest will be added manually later in the process. From this point on, the beer will remain under pressure (except for a short time during bottling).

When fermentation has finished, the beer is cooled to about 32 F (0 C). This helps the remaining yeast settle to the bottom of the fermenter, along with other undesirable proteins that come out of solution at this lower temperature.

Now that most of the solids have settled to the bottom, the beer is slowly pumped from the fermenter and filtered to remove any remaining solids. From the filter, the beer goes into another tank, called a bright beer tank. This is its last stop before bottling or kegging. Here, the level of carbon dioxide is adjusted by bubbling a little extra CO2 into the beer through a porous stone.

Process Flow Diagram

How Yeast Makes Alcohol and Carbon Dioxide

When the yeast first hits the wort, the concentrations of glucose (C6H12O6) are very high. That is why through diffusion, glucose enters the yeast. In fact, it keeps entering the yeast as long as there is glucose in the solution. As each glucose molecule enters the yeast, it is broken down in a ten-step process which is called “glycosis”. The product of glycosis is two three-carbon sugars, called pyruvates, and some adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The ATP is responsible for supplying energy to the yeast and allows it to multiply. The two pyruvates are then converted by the yeast into carbon dioxide (CO2) and ethanol (C2H5OH), the latter of which is the alcohol in the beer. The overall reaction is shown below.

SUGAR + YEAST – O2 = Alcohol + CO2

Key Elements of Fermentation

Fermentation is the reaction which is used to produce alcohol from sugar. Fermentation is an anaerobic reaction, requiring no oxygen to be present other than the ones contained in the sugar. It has to be conducted in a sealed, air-tight container. Yeast is the other element required for the reaction to take place.

Glucose

  • A sugar molecule
  • Main component of starch, cellulose and glycogen
  • Named after the Greek word ‘glycos’ meaning ‘sugar’ or ‘sweet’
  • First derived from raisins by the scientist- Andreas Marggraf in 1747
  • Contains 6 atoms of carbon, 12 atoms of hydrogen and 6 atoms of oxygen which are required to prepare alcohol
  • The structure of glucose is thought of as constantly switching between a chain and a ring because the carbon bonds of the chain are flexible enough join together to form a chain ring, but easily rebroken.

Yeast

  • A living microorganism
  • Useful to the fermentation process as it helps the glucose molecule break down into its constituent parts, which then form alcohol
  • The enzymes contained in the yeast, rather than the yeast itself, breaks the chemical bonds of the glucose allowing the formation of alcohol. It is because of this that the yeast remains unchanged at the end of the reaction while the glucose molecule is deconstructed.
  • Substances that aid a reaction but remain unchanged at the end of it are called catalysts, yeasts being one.

Market Research

The global brewery equipment market is estimated to be valued at USD 16.8 billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 24.0 billion by 2025, recording a CAGR of 6.1% from 2019 to 2025. The growing number of microbreweries, as well as brew pubs, have significantly driven the market for brewery equipment. The other factors responsible for driving the global brewery equipment market is increasing consumer preferences for artisanal and craft beer as compared to traditional beer or other alcoholic beverages. Further, product innovations in the brewery equipment market have led to the growing need for updated and sustainable brewery equipment by beer manufacturers.

By macro-brewery equipment type, the fermentation equipment segment is projected to account for the largest share in the macro-brewery equipment market

In the macro-brewery equipment market, the fermentation equipment segment is projected to be the largest market in 2025. During the fermentation process, the wort is kept in the tanks for few weeks and acid is released as a by-product, due to which, there are increasing chances of tank deterioration. In addition, since the tanks are occupied for a longer duration during the process, the requirement for more tanks by macro-breweries to increase production remains high. Due to these factors, the fermentation equipment segment is projected to account for a larger market share in the macro-brewery equipment market.

Control and Manipulated Variable

The fermentation variables (temperature, pH and agitation) were optimized by response surface methodology (RSM) algorithm, Design Expert 7.1 and a response quadratic model was generated that revealed a correlation between all these parameters and also provided 23 solutions for process validation. Under the optimized conditions, the effect of inoculum size revealed 5.0 and 2.5% (v/v) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Y-2034 and Pachysolan tannophilus Y-2460, respectively as optimum for sequential fermentation. The optimization of sequential fermentation led to improvement in total ethanol yield from 20.61 to 22.24 g L-1. Introduction Lignocellulosics, the potential substrate for biofuel production, are initially pre-treated by stringent physicochemical processes to break open its crystalline structure. The process also releases free sugars or sugar complexes, consisting of some glucose and almost all xylose as hydrolysates. Although the amorphous cellulose is saccharified to produce ethanol, the hydrolysates produced remain unutilized as the mixture of glucose and xylose are not fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae or any other single fermenting yeast. It has been observed that the hydrolysate, if properly fermented, can decrease the overall cost of ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass by 25% 1,2.

Brainstorming

Planning and Progress

As can be seen above, the team has put in a lot of effort into the planning, brainstorming, designing and implementation of the project. They have made a remarkable progress since the inception of the idea and are beginning to explore solutions to more problems as they come by. For example, an entire team is allocated the task of branding for the product, another for pitching sales to customers and yet another for handling issues related to logistics.

Ideation and Problem Solving

The sub-teams deployed for handling various tasks are proficient in their work and contributing immensely to the rise of the business. They are constantly coming up with newer and newer ideas. They are highly skilled, professional and with great abilities of problem solving. Most importantly, they are always there for the business given that it is a new venture and that if any problem should arise. They work under pressure and yet remain calm and determined, watching out for any potential threats to the project and maintaining detailed records of the key elements the project must incorporate or has already incorporated.

Sensors

Fermentation is a well-known process used to produce alcoholic beverages. EU-funded researchers developed low-cost computer-assisted technology and methods for monitoring the process with the potential to enhance wine quality while reducing production costs.

The purpose of instrumenting a fermentation process is two-fold, namely to understand and to control that process, from which it follows that the instrumentation is not an end in itself, merely a means to that end.

Sensors during the process of brewing can be used to gather data on temperature and humidity of hops, use GPS to track a shipment’s location and report precisely when it will arrive at the brewery. IoT is rapidly changing the world of brewing to its advantage. The different kinds of appropriate sensors which can be used during the process of brewing are as follows.

  • PT100 (Platinum Resistance Thermometer/Resistance Thermal Detector): to measure the resistance of a platinum element
  • Dimethylferrocene-mediated enzyme electrode
  • Bluetooth routers: able to penetrate steel brewing tanks, connect to low-power energy sensors in the tanks
  • IoT-enabled Sensors: responsible for incorporating hops into the brewing process
  • Beer Monitor
  • Alcohol Monitor
  • Extract Monitor
  • Plato Monitor
  • RHOTEC ALC-TAX
  • RHOTEC L
  • CARBOTEC NIR
  • CARBOTEC TR-PT
  • OXYTRANS M
  • OXYTRANS TR

Pros/Cons of Sensors

SensorAdvantageDisadvantage
PT100Good accuracy over a fairly wide range and combined with excellent stability; more resistant to EMI; excellent interchangeabilityResponse time; physical strength
Dimethyl ferrocene-mediated enzyme electrodeExtremely high stability; low cost; availabilityInsufficient stability; progressive increase in response time
RHOTEC ALC-TAXMost accurate; easy to operate; local display availableN.A.
RHOTEC LMost accurate; compatible with Windows; excellent price-performance ratioN.A.
CARBOTEC NIROptical technology based on Attenuated Total Reflection (ATR); short response time and excellent long-term stability; highly accurate and virtually maintenance freeN.A.
OXYTRANS MOptical technology; no need for electrolyte and membrane changes; short response time and excellent long-term stabilityN.A.
OXYTRANS TROptical technology; no need for electrolyte and membrane changes; short response time and excellent long-term stability; applicable for a wide range of concentrations and temperaturesN.A.
SensorAdvantageDisadvantage
BluetoothLow power consumption; easily upgradableLow bandwidth as compared to Wi-Fi; allows only short-range communication between devices
IoT-enabled SensorsEfficiency and seamless comfort; connectivity; real-time maintenance and problem-solvingCyber security and user data privacy; device compatibility; cost and training

Reference Sites

Order Now

Get solved or fresh solution on Industrial Control Solution Report and many more. 24X7 help, plag free solution. Order online now!

Universal Assignment (October 3, 2022) Industrial Control Solution Report Assignment Solved. Retrieved from https://universalassignment.com/industrial-control-solution-report-assignment-solved/.
"Industrial Control Solution Report Assignment Solved." Universal Assignment - October 3, 2022, https://universalassignment.com/industrial-control-solution-report-assignment-solved/
Universal Assignment July 24, 2022 Industrial Control Solution Report Assignment Solved., viewed October 3, 2022,<https://universalassignment.com/industrial-control-solution-report-assignment-solved/>
Universal Assignment - Industrial Control Solution Report Assignment Solved. [Internet]. [Accessed October 3, 2022]. Available from: https://universalassignment.com/industrial-control-solution-report-assignment-solved/
"Industrial Control Solution Report Assignment Solved." Universal Assignment - Accessed October 3, 2022. https://universalassignment.com/industrial-control-solution-report-assignment-solved/
"Industrial Control Solution Report Assignment Solved." Universal Assignment [Online]. Available: https://universalassignment.com/industrial-control-solution-report-assignment-solved/. [Accessed: October 3, 2022]

Please note along with our service, we will provide you with the following deliverables:

Please do not hesitate to put forward any queries regarding the service provision.

We look forward to having you on board with us.

Get 45%* OFF on Assignment Help

Most Frequent Questions & Answers

Universal Assignment Services is the best place to get help in your all kind of assignment help. We have 172+ experts available, who can help you to get HD+ grades. We also provide Free Plag report, Free Revisions at a Pocket Friendly cost, We offer Best Price in the industry guaranteed.

We provide all kinds of assignmednt help, Report writing, Essay Writing, Dissertations, Thesis writing, Research Proposal, Research Report, Home work help, Question Answers help, Case studies, mathematical and Statistical tasks, Website development, Android application, Resume/CV writing, SOP(Statement of Purpose) Writing, Blog/Article, Poster making and so on.

We are available round the clock, 24X7, 365 days. You can appach us to our Whatsapp number +1 (613)778 8542 or email to info@universalassignment.com . We provide Free revision policy, if you need and revisions to be done on the task, we will do the same for you as soon as possible.

We provide services mainly to all major institutes and Universities in Australia, Canada, China, Malaysia, India, South Africa, New Zealand, Singapore, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

We provide lucrative discounts from 28% to 70% as per the wordcount, Technicality, Deadline and the number of your previous assignments done with us.

After your assignment request our team will check and update you the best suitable service for you alongwith the charges for the task. After confirmation and payment team will start the work and provide the task as per the deadline.

Yes, we will provide Plagirism free task and a free turnitin report along with the task without any extra cost.

No, if the main requirement is same, you don’t have to pay any additional amount. But it there is a additional requirement, then you have to pay the balance amount in order to get the revised solution.

The Fees are as minimum as $10 per page(1 page=250 words) and in case of a big task, we provide huge discounts.

We accept all the major Credit and Debit Cards for the payment. We do accept Paypal also.

Popular Assignments

Plant Production System Assignment Help

The Best Instant Academic Assistance Online Instant Plant Production System Assignment Help for Students Plant production system assignment help students help them understand the various theoretical and practical aspects of the subject. It is an intensive study of the scientific methods of plant production for an effective and economized production

Read More »

Integrated Science Assignment Help to Boost your Grades Immediately

Integrated Science Assignment Help for Students Integrated Science is taught from a high-school level. This consists of an investigative study of physics, chemistry, biology, forensic science, biotechnology, and geology. This is a course that introduces young students to the interconnectedness between all the scientific knowledge. Students require integrated science assignment

Read More »

Top Human Biology Assignment Help from Experts

Ask an Expert for top Human Biology Assignment Help Sometimes, expert guidance with Human Biology assignment help is all you need in order to boost your grades. Universal Assignment Help Service is a top-ranking student-help platform that offers a wide range of services for students. Students can order human biology

Read More »

Aviation Assignment Help from Experts

The Most Trusted Guidance for Students Aviation Assignment Help for All Challenging Problems Aviation assignment help online from the greatest experts can relieve student pressure to a great extent. It is well known that aviation is an extremely challenging stream, as it is, and students have to keep too many

Read More »

Growing demand for Assignment Help in Ireland

The number of multinational corporations choosing Ireland as their regional headquarters is increasing. So more and more students are choosing Ireland as an idle place to take their degrees. But studying in universities and keeping up the pace is not an easy task and getting good marks is not enough

Read More »

Board appraisal report

Weight: 40% Format: 2,000-word written report. Note: All written assessments should be submitted as Word files (.docx) (Word is available from your AIB Office 365 account) Summary Write a 2000-word Board Appraisal Report where you will evaluate an organisation’s corporate governance practices, board structure including committees and board diversity against

Read More »

49102: Traffic and Transportation

Assignment 2: Transport Modelling and Operations Due: 7 October 2022 This is an individual assignment Please answer the following questions and present your work in a report format clearly including your name and student ID on the cover page. Submit a PDF of your report into the Assignment Activity shown

Read More »

ENV3105 Hydrology Assignment 2

Assignment 2 Due date:       04 October 2022 Weighting:   25% (250 marks) 1. Overview This assessment is designed to test your achievement of selected learning objectives of Modules 6 to 9. In particular, the assignment involves estimation of urban design discharges, reservoir routing and water balance. It is intended to reinforce and

Read More »

Assessment 1: The Journal of Biological Chemistry

Guide abstract All cells within the body are bathed in a fluid. The composition of this fluid is tightly regulated to contain specific levels of various ions. Disruption in the balance of these ions can lead to cell death and damaging inflammation. However, standard surgical practice fails to consider these

Read More »

Project 2: Assignment on Scheme

Due: Oct 1, before midnight. This document first provides the aims of this project. It then lists the requirements as explicitly as possible. It then hints at how these requirements can be met. Finally, it describes how it can be submitted. Aims The aims of this project are as follows:

Read More »

Analysis of Rube Goldberg machine

Week 5 homework for tutorial  In week 4 we needed to also look at how many failures we could have to meet our six sigma level – we will also need to look at this for the times for each stage and total time. To effectively put the flame out

Read More »

PROCESS AND PHILOSOPHY OF ENGINEERING

ASSESSMENT BRIEF 3: Calculations Summary Title Calculations Due Date Monday the 3rd of October at 11:59 (NSW) AEST – End of Week 5 Length 1000-word (does not include equations, charts, graphs or tables) Weighting  35% Submission  WORD document submitted to Turnitin Unit Learning Outcomes  ULO 3: apply basic statistical analysis

Read More »

THT3114 Research Proposal

Mini Report Assignment 2 Executive Summary (100- 150 words) This is the summary of your research and thus needs to be completed after you have completed writing your research proposal. This is not counted towards the word count. Mention the key aspects of the research proposal. Separate paragraphs Area of

Read More »

LITERATURE REVIEW – DATA MINING TO RESEARCH PROPOSAL

ASSESSMENT TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW – DATA MINING TO RESEARCH PROPOSAL – DESIGN RESEARCH INSTRUMENT – PRESENTATION) Task Length: Mini Report (750 words) – Research Proposal) Presentation – Not more than 15 Slides –  (Templates Provided for both the mini report and presentation)  Duration of the Video Presentation – Not more

Read More »

Assignment on COVID-19 pandemic in the hospitality industry

Exploring the new health and safety innovative business practice to restore consumer confidence in the COVID-19 pandemic in the hospitality industry Task Length: Report – 2000 words (+-10%) Task Type Individual Due week and submission deadline Week 11 – SUNDAY – 02/10/2022 – 23:59 Value 40%   PART A: On

Read More »

Assignment Help in Israel

Leading assignments help in Israel Israel is known for its high-tech development, innovations, and entrepreneurship, and is home to the best start-ups in the world. Students from all over the world are drawn to this ecosystem of “innovation and development,” which is supported by a robust higher education system with

Read More »

Animal Production System Assignment Help

Animal Production System Assignment Help: Get 100% guaranteed Expert Assistance Immediately Where can you find the best Animal Production System Assignment Help Online?  Animal Production System assignment help online can boost student results while encouraging interest in the field. The hectic schedule of students, along with their burden of various

Read More »

Immediate Calculus Assignment Help from Top Experts

Immediate Calculus Assignment Help from Top Experts Calculus Assignment Help to Boost your Grades Students can now order instant Calculus assignment help on Universal Assignment Help Service in a fast and easy way. Calculus in taught at a slightly advanced stage of school, and can be an exciting subject in

Read More »

Mathematics Foundation Assignment Help

Effective Mathematics Foundation Assignment Help for Students: Order Expert Solutions Immediately Mathematics Foundation Assignment Help for Students Students often require mathematics foundation assignment help for clearing doubts, understanding the derivation of a formula or theorem, or getting urgent solutions to certain mathematical problems. Online mathematics foundation assignment help is extremely

Read More »

Mathematics Application Assignment Help

Top for Students: Order Expert Solutions Immediately for the Best Results Why do students need Mathematics Application Assignment Help? Mathematics Application assignment help can lead students to perform excellently in the subject in a convenient and relaxed way. Many students find it difficult to apply theoretical knowledge in large and

Read More »

The finest assignment helps in Saudi Arabia

Many students dream to study in Saudi Arabia as they offer some of the best facilities, and they boast one of the most spectacular and rapidly expanding higher education systems in the Middle East. So, this should be of no surprise that every year, many international students prefer to register

Read More »

Expert Solutions for the Best Arithmetic Assignment Help Online

Instant Arithmetic Assignment Help for Students Students most often require Arithmetic assignment help online to solve various calculations. Universal Assignment Help Service provides the best solutions to all arithmetic problems for each student. Students simply have to upload their assignment guidelines on their website, and a customized and accurate assignment

Read More »

Assignment help in Cameroon

The Necessity of Assignment help in Cameroon Today management degrees are one of the most prestigious degrees out there and gaining immense popularity, this degree has the most demand in the market as new startups are emerging day by day, and every company needs the best people to run their

Read More »

Assignment Help in South Korea

Difference between a Good vs Great Online Assignment Tutor The e-learning market is growing at a fast rate due to digitalization. This fact causes an increment in the demand for online tutors as students worldwide searches for a suitable solution for online assignment help in South Korea. You might hear

Read More »

Assignment Help in Japan

Outside-The-Classroom Learning Opportunities It is a typical thinking lesson that stands inside the four walls of a classroom. Some educators say the classroom is the abode of learning and knowledge. We cannot prove these statements wrong. However, one thing is certain: they are partially correct. Learning of concepts starts in

Read More »

Assignment Help in Brazil

Why do Students Consider Online Assignment Help in 2022? Academic life is full of ups and downs. Students who experience such a phase struggle to maintain the equilibrium between personal and professional life. It is because of the load of homework, exams, and participation in extracurricular activities. These events cause

Read More »

Assignment Help in Taiwan

What are the Necessities of Assignment Guidance for Students? As technology takes a new turn around, homework assignments become lengthy and complex. This academic work needs lots of core subject knowledge along with proper research to finish it with proper care. Such work is very time-consuming and hectic for the

Read More »

Assignment Help in Hong Kong

Can You Achieve High Academic Results? Every student wishes to get top scores in their exams. Yet it does not happen if you do not get the correct assignment help in Hong Kong from an online tutor. Such support is in the form of tips, advice, hacks, or taking guidance,

Read More »

VU22977 – Practice in a Legal Environment

Advanced Diploma of Legal Practice – 22565VIC PORTFOLIO- CLIENT MATTER FILE Assessment task 1 Prepare a comprehensive portfolio of documents to create a Client Matter File which must include: Element 1 Area of law Cover sheet stating client name and short description of legal matter Client Instruction Sheet, Costs Agreement

Read More »

KIT714 ICT Research Principles: Assignment 1

Practical Qualitative Research Exercise                                                                                                                                         Type:                 In-Semester, Individual Assignment Task Length:   minimum 2,000 words Weighting:     20% of total assessment for this unit Due Date:       Friday 5 August 2022 – 11:55 pm (Week05) Submission:    electronic submission on MyLO (WORD or PDF) Description:    This practical exercise will engage students in a qualitative research

Read More »

Can't Find Your Assignment?

Get Free Assignment

Open chat
1
Free Assistance
Universal Assignment
Hello 👋
How can we help you?