Guideline 1: Choose an appropriate area of enquiry. The area of inquiry that you choose must:
- Address a speciﬁc business problem or need
- Be unique in the context of existing academic literature in the area
- Allow for a doctoral student to do the research on their own
Guideline 2: Adhere to best practices for each component of the ‘Introduction’ chapter.
- Background of the Problem: This identiﬁes the wider issues underlying the research problem and question. This section articulates the following main points:
- What is the general problem of interest to the researcher?
- In what setting(s) does this problem occur, and whom does it affect?
- What are the negative effects of the problem?
- What is the current theoretical or conceptual knowledge base around the problem?
- Are there any evident gaps in the current research around the problem area?
- Statement of the Problem: It clearly states the research problem–the form of the problem that is the speciﬁc object of investigation in this study. Your line of logic must begin with a general introduction and taper towards speciﬁc areas of your study, ultimately leading to your problem statement. Your writing must have clarity, direction, and rationale. Your problem statement must emerge from your preliminary review of the existing literature on the subject. This will outline the major sources you will peruse to determine the gaps in the existing literature. A formal, extensive literature review will follow in the second chapter of your dissertation. The above said gaps in literature need to be clearly articulated to highlight the signiﬁcance of the proposed study. Thus, there should be a logical connection between the problem statement and the signiﬁcance of the study that you cite.
- Signiﬁcance of the Study: It presents the argument that fulﬁlling the signiﬁcance of the study is important from an academic/praxis point of view. It also outlines how the above said problem is original and has not been adequately covered in preceding literature. You should also mention the stakeholders that can beneﬁt from your research as well.
- Purpose of the Study: Through this sentence, you will outline the precise goals that your research aspires to achieve.
Guideline 3: Use academic English throughout your project.
You must incorporate these elements to ensure that your project is professional and academic in terms of tone as well as content:
● Use formal language
- Avoid using contractions (e.g., write do not instead of writing don’t)
- Avoid using two-word verbs (e.g., write discover instead of writing ﬁnd out).
- Avoid using short forms of words (e.g., write as soon as possible instead of writing ASAP).
● Use objective language
- Include facts in your arguments (e.g., instead of writing shocking statistics, you could write this: the statistical increase was signiﬁcant, for example…)
- Avoid generalizing (e.g., use of gender-neutral language. Write chairperson instead of writing chairman).
- Avoid using personal pronouns, personal emotions, and judgment (e.g., instead of writing our children’s success in future is dependent…,) Instead, you can write this: The potential for children’s success in future…)
- Avoid using absolutist phrases (e.g., always, all, none, forever, etc.).
● Use transitions and connectors
- Incorporate signaling words (words like consequently, similarly, in addition to, because, etc. indicate what would be preceding).
- Give readers an indication while changing the line of thought, presenting similar or contrasting ideas, or while citing examples (for example, with words like however, whereas, despite, for instance, as well as, etc.).
- Provide valid evidence and facts in support of your claims by citing relevant sources (e.g., according to John W. Creswell in Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, “Individual researchers have a freedom of choice. In this way, researchers are free to choose the methods, techniques, and procedures of research that best meet their needs and purposes.”).
Disclaimer: All content and material on the upGrad website is copyrighted material, belonging to either upGrad or its bona ﬁde contributors, and is purely for the dissemination of education. You are permitted to access, print, and download extracts from this site purely for your own education only and on the following basis:
- You can download this document from the website for self-use only.
- Any copies of this document, in part or full, saved to disc or to any other storage medium, may be used for subsequent, self-viewing purposes or to print an individual extract or copy for non-commercial personal use only.
- Any further dissemination, distribution, reproduction, and copying of the content of the document herein, or the uploading thereof on other websites, or use of the content for any other commercial/unauthorized purposes in any way that could infringe the intellectual property rights of upGrad or its contributors is strictly prohibited.
- No graphics, images, or photographs from any accompanying text in this document will be used separately for unauthorized purposes.
- No material in this document will be modiﬁed, adapted, or altered in any way.
- No part of this document or upGrad content may be reproduced or stored on any other website or included in any public or private electronic retrieval system or service without upGrad’s prior written permission.
- Any rights not expressly granted in these terms are reserved.
Get expert help for Identifying a Research Problem and many more. 24X7 help, plag free solution. Order online now!