- Clear description of the aims) and specific objectives of the proposed research
The proposed study aims to use the available data on exoneration cases of overturned wrongful convictions that were based on false confessions to contribute to what is already known about this alarming phenomenon in order to support the development of sound interrogation practices. Specifically, the focus was on identifying personal and procedural risk factors during an interrogation that is conducive to false confessions and subsequent wrongful convictions. The objective is to develop reasonable and implementable strategies to address these risk factors and develop further safeguards against wrongful convictions. It was hypothesised firstly that cases would support findings that indicate the vulnerabilities of juveniles and cognitively compromised, as well as procedural factors including promises of leniency or threats of harsher outcomes. Secondly, it was expected that racial differences between the suspect and the interrogative officers, as well as being of minority racial groups, would be found to play a significant role in false confessions elicitation. Thirdly, a positive correlation was expected between age of the suspect and length of interview before confession was elicited. Fourthly, it was expected that individuals with a history of trauma and adversity would be at higher risk of falsely confessing, and lastly, that being interviewed in a second language would also induce suggestibility and confusion leading to false confessions.
Methodology & Research Design
- Research design should be clearly stated (e.g. qualitative, quantitative, or mixed secondary research)
- Methodological details depending on the type of the project
- Clear report/outline of the main findings and the analyses of the data
- A detailed discussion and interpretation of the study’s findings (in line with research aims and hypotheses)
- Support using research evidence
- Critical analysis and synthesis of findings in relation to research evidence or other theories
- Limitations of the study
- Implications (e.g., social, clinical, research)
- Future directions
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