What is Israel and Palestine? Why are they fighting?
Israeli Jews and Palestinian Arabs both want the same land. And a compromise has proven difficult to find.
By Zack Beauchamp, Vox Media
“What is Israel and Palestine? Why are they fighting?” by Zack Beauchamp was published in 2018 on the website of Vox Media. Vox Media is an American digital media house based in New York and Washington D.C founded by three persons, Matthew Yglesias, Ezra Klein, and Melissa Bell in 2014. The article tells about what is Israel and Palestine and what the reasons behind their fight are. The opening paragraph describes the exact locations of Israel and Palestine and how the conflict of Israeli-Palestinian has risen. The writer depicts how the war has been waged by assessing its recent scenario by comparing past events and also states the complications of settling the ongoing fight peacefully and mutually.
The article reveals us about the complication that has grown up between Israel and Palestine seeking a home state of ownership righteously. The conflict was present for thousands of years, but the ongoing political conflict has begun in the early twentieth century. The Jews and Arab Muslims both claim the region as their native soil. After the persecution in Europe, Jews escaped and wanted to form a national homeland within the Arab and Muslim majority region was then in Ottoman and afterwards British Empire. However, the Arab was refused to accept by seeing the land as legally theirs. The complication aroused after the involvement of the United Nations who planned to divide the land into two parts has failed, which leads to several wars amongst Israel and surrounding Arab nation’s dates back in 1948 and 1967. The war of 1967 has changed the scenario as Israel has grabbed control of the two important territories home to sizeable Palestinian populations. This makes Israel grow their extensive control and build ever-increasing societies in the newly controlled regions of Palestine by denying the land to Palestinians. Last, the author has stated two approaches in solving the conflict which might help in reducing the problem successfully.
As per the conflict theory which tells us about how concern and clash arise when there is an uneven allocation of power, resources, and status among groups within a society. Similarly, with this scenario, applying conflict theory will help assess the reasons behind and able to resolve such effectively. It has been understood that the author has suggested two solutions, such as two-state solutions and one-state solution. The approach of granting two states will help create a win-win situation for both the groups and would lead to keeping peace and harmony amongst them. Although, with a one-state solution, it will not be so effective as it shall give power, status, and resources to a single group which will lead to more conflicts and distress.
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