Assignment 4: Intermediate CSS Layout

Assignment 4: Intermediate CSS Layout

The purpose of this assignment is to advance our CSS layout abilities, as well as try out some other CSS design techniques and tools. In particular, we’ll use background images, grid layouts, embedded icons, and special fonts.

As usual, additional resources are at the end of this document and screenshots are in the starter files!

Task 1: Setup

This time, I’ve provided a starter HTML file for you in the assignment start files. Import this into a new project and open it in your code editor.

Task 2: HTML

Most of the HTML code has been written for you. However, there are a few things you’ll have to do:

  • In the <header>:
    • As you can see from the screenshot, the text “Assignment 4” in the <h1> is a different color from the text “Dog Magazine”. You’ll need to somehow mark up this text so that it can be selected and recolored in the CSS code. Figure out how to do this. (hint: you’ll need to do some research to find a generic container tag that behaves as an inline element.)
    • The tagline “Your Source for Information About Good Dogs” currently is not marked up with any tag. Find an appropriate tag to do this, using this resource: https://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-html5-20141028/common-idioms.html – sub- head

Hint: this is a bit of a trick question!

Also give this tag a class with the value “tagline”.

  • In the <main>:
    • As you can see, there are three sections within the <main> element. One section has class=”articles”. Within this section, there are several article previews separated by their headings. (Each article preview contains a short section of text with a link to the full article.)

In HTML, while we use the <section> tag to contain a subsection of the parent document, we use the <article> tag to contain content that could potentially stand on its own outside the context of the parent document. It’s also conventional to use the <article> tag to mark up short previews of articles. (Such as the article teasers we see on the front page of a magazine or news website.)

Your job is to use the <article> tag to complete the mark up in the articles section. Each article preview should be contained inside an <article> element.

  • The other two sections within the <main> element are “Article Archive” and “Our Partners”. These two sections represent content that is peripherally related to the site’s main content, but not the primary focus. You can also see that, in the screenshots, this content has been placed in its own sidebar column on the right side of the page. To mark up content like this, we can use the

<aside> element. Go ahead and implement this element.

  • In the <footer>:
    • In the “Contact” section, the links for the email and telephone number don’t currently have hrefs. Figure out how to add href attributes for email and telephone links. When clicked/tapped, these links should launch the default email client or invoke the mobile device’s telephone functionality, respectively.

Task 3: Icons

There are a few services that provide icons for use on the web; we’re going to use one called

Font Awesome. Sign up for a free account here: https://fontawesome.com/start

(As always, you may use fake information in the interest of maintaining your privacy.)

Once you have your free account, you’ll need to set up a so-called “kit” that you’ll use to apply icons to your site. Create a kit here (click the blue New Kit button): https://fontawesome.com/kits

You will then be directed to a page where you will see a “kit code”. It will look something like this (but with a unique alphanumeric component):

<script src=”https://kit.fontawesome.com/39aba2681b.js” crossorigin=”anonymous”></script>

If you don’t see your kit code, try clicking on the kit and then navigating to the “How to Use” tab:

Copy your kit code and paste it into the <head> of your document. Now you can start using icons!

To find the icons you need, visit this page: https://fontawesome.com/icons and use the search functionality. Icons are placed in your layout by copying the appropriate <i> tag and pasting it into your HTML. For example, the dog icon is embedded using this tag:

<i class=”fas fa-dog”></i>

note: The <i> tag is actually meant to do something else and doesn’t officially have anything to do with icons. Font Awesome has appropriated this tag for use with their system. Why do you think they did this? What are the pros and cons of using the <i> tag? What was it originally meant for? What should you do if your CSS code is directing special styles to <i> elements?

In your site, the icons should be implemented as hyperlinks so that one can click on them to be directed to the appropriate social media page.

The use of icons in our design presents special challenges for accessibility. We need to make sure that users with visual disabilities are able to perceive the purpose of the hyperlink when using a screen reader. Therefore, we need to make sure that even though users navigating visually will perceive the purpose by seeing the icon, the HTML also contains some text description of the link that can be converted to audio by a screen reader program. Figure out how to do that here: https://fontawesome.com/how-to-use/on-the-web/other- topics/accessibility#web-fonts-semantic

They provide a few different choices for making your icons accessible; my opinion is that the best option is the one that involves using the aria-label and aria-hidden attributes.

Optional task: figure out what ARIA stands for, and what the ARIA specification is meant to do.

Task 4: Google Fonts:

So far, we’ve been using boring fonts that are guaranteed to work in every browser. This has been necessary because there’s no way to know which fonts will be available on a user’s system. However, there’s another way: Google Fonts (and other similar services) which allow us to embed fonts that can be automatically downloaded onto the user’s system when they view the page.

Spend a bit of time exploring the fonts available at https://fonts.google.com/. Be sure to experiment with the search and filter options.

Figure out how to select font families and add them to your shopping cart of fonts. (They actually call it Selected Families, not shopping cart.) Figure out how to view your selected fonts and add and remove different styles.

Then, do the following:

  • Add the Jost font family with the following styles:
    • Regular 400
    • Regular 400 italic
    • Regular 600
  • Add the Crimson Text font family with the following styles:
    • Regular 400

(note that numbers such as 400, 600 etc. correspond to the font-weight.)

From the Selected Family menu, figure out how to get the line of CSS code that you will paste in your CSS stylesheet to embed these fonts in your site. Hint: the relevant CSS code will involve the @import rule. Warning: don’t copy the <style> tags if you intend to place this code in your CSS file!

Paste this @import rule at the top of your stylesheet. You can now use these fonts on the page the way you would use any font: with the font-family CSS property! Note that font family names that have spaces in them (like “Crimson Text”) will have to be surrounded by double string quotes.

Set the default font family for the whole page to “Crimson Text” with serif as the fallback. Have the font family for all headings set to Jost with sans-serif as the fallback. Have the tagline also set to Jost, but using the italic style. (figure out how to do this.)

Task 5: Basic Styles

Using CSS, implement the following:

  • Set the width of all images to 100% so that they fill their containers.
  • Change the color of “Assignment 4” in the <h1> to steelblue.
  • In the starter files, I’ve given you an image called dog_and_cat_pattern-11.jpg. Using the background-image property, apply this image to the <body>: https://www.w3schools.com/cssref/pr_background-image.asp
    • Since the image is too large for the page, we need to make it smaller using the

background-size property. Figure out how to do this.

  • Set the background color of the wrapper <div> to white. Set an appropriate padding, box shadow and maximum width (1000px). Center the element in the window. The wrapper should not get larger than 1000px, but should shrink appropriately when the browser window is made narrower than 1000px.

What does the “a” stand for in rgba()?

Task 6: Grid Layout For Navigation Menu

By default, our HTML container elements (such as footer, main, nav, section, article, etc.) will stack on top of each other vertically. (As block elements do.) However, we’re often going to need to create layouts that are a bit more complex than that. For example, we may need to create multi-column layouts, sidebars, grid layouts, etc.

To do this, we’re going to use a new display property called grid. Let’s start by using this property to align the elements of our navigation menu horizontally. While we previously did this by using display:inline-block, the CSS grid system gives us the advantage of creating a responsive system in which the nav elements resize themselves to fit the window, regardless of the window or device size.

Properties that affect the whole grid layout are always applied to the parent element in which the grid cells are contained as children. In the case of the navigation menu on this page, figure out which element is the parent, and which elements are the children that will become the grid cells.

In the CSS code, select the parent element and add the following property:

display: grid;

The parent is now a grid container. We now need to set up a column template for the grid. In the parent style declaration block, set the following CSS property:

grid-template-columns: 1fr 1fr 1fr 1fr;

The above code is setting up four columns (since our navigation menu has four items). The fr unit is used for the flexible length value. What we’re doing here is dividing the free space inside the grid parent into four equal parts. We know they’re equal because each column has the same value: 1fr. If we wanted one column to be larger than the others, we could give it a larger value, like 2fr, for example.

In order to add some space between the grid columns, use the grid-gap property:

gap: 1rem;

Optional challenge: try reducing the number of columns in the grid. What happens? What happens if you add additional columns?

A few other things you should do:

  • Remove the bullet points from the list;
  • Figure out how to remove the empty space on the left side of the grid. Where is this coming from? Hint: the inspector tool will be helpful for this.

Task 7: Other Grid Layouts

Using CSS grid, do the following:

  • Figure out how to split the <main> element into two columns with the left column being three times wider than the right column. The left column should contain the “articles” section (with “Today’s Headlines”) and the right column should contain the <aside> content (with “Article Archive” and “Our Partners”).

Make sure the <main> element has only two direct children, which will be arranged as the left and right column. If you have more than two children in the <main> element, you may need to revisit the code you wrote in Task 2.

  • Figure out how to split the <footer> into three columns of equal width.
  • Figure out how to split the “articles” section into a grid with two columns and multiple rows. This section should have, in the HTML mark up, five children: one heading and four articles. (You may need to revisit your solution for Task 2 if this is not currently the case.)

This property allows us to have an element stretch across multiple columns by specifying a start column and end column. (or a start column and the number of columns to stretch across.)

  • Note that you don’t have to do anything special to set up multiple rows; the grid cells will automatically flow into new rows once the first row is filled.

Task 8: Remaining Styles

The hard part is done; now we just need to add a few additional styles:

  • The two theme colors for this page are brown and steelblue; apply these colors to the appropriate elements.
  • Use the inline-block display property to horizontally align the social media icons. Remove the list bullets. Try to match the size and spacing from the screenshots.
  • Match the colors and approximate size of the headings to the screenshots.
  • Add borders, padding and margin to match the screenshots.
    • Remember that the gap property can be used to add space between grid cells.
  • Set the background color of the right column to be a partially transparent version of steelblue using the rgba() function. To do this, get the RGB value of steelblue from here: https://www.rapidtables.com/web/color/html-color-codes.html
  • Implement any other styles necessary to approximately match the screenshots.

Check Your Work

  • Validate your HTML and CSS code. Don’t forget to save screenshots to hand in.
    • Embedding the Google fonts in your HTML code may cause validation errors; try embedding them using CSS instead.

Hand In

Rename your working folder to a4-firstname-lastname. (with your own first and last name, of course!) Create a new folder called validation that contains your validation screenshots and add it to this folder. Make sure the work you’re submitting does not contain any unnecessary files, such as the screenshots from the starter files. Create a Zip archive from the a4-firstname- lastname folder and hand it in to D2L. (Do not use some other archive format like Rar or 7z. If you’re having trouble creating a Zip archive, please let me know.)

Grading

  • [5] HTML markup
  • [2] Accessible icons
  • [2] Google fonts applied
  • [4] Grids
  • [2] Misc. styles (colors, borders, box model, etc.) Total: 15

Note that up to -2 may be deducted for improper hand in, misnamed files, disorganized workspace, etc. Please ask me if in doubt.

Resources:

Order Now
No Fields Found.
Universal Assignment (February 1, 2023) Assignment 4: Intermediate CSS Layout. Retrieved from https://universalassignment.com/assignment-4-intermediate-css-layout/.
"Assignment 4: Intermediate CSS Layout." Universal Assignment - February 1, 2023, https://universalassignment.com/assignment-4-intermediate-css-layout/
Universal Assignment July 6, 2022 Assignment 4: Intermediate CSS Layout., viewed February 1, 2023,<https://universalassignment.com/assignment-4-intermediate-css-layout/>
Universal Assignment - Assignment 4: Intermediate CSS Layout. [Internet]. [Accessed February 1, 2023]. Available from: https://universalassignment.com/assignment-4-intermediate-css-layout/
"Assignment 4: Intermediate CSS Layout." Universal Assignment - Accessed February 1, 2023. https://universalassignment.com/assignment-4-intermediate-css-layout/
"Assignment 4: Intermediate CSS Layout." Universal Assignment [Online]. Available: https://universalassignment.com/assignment-4-intermediate-css-layout/. [Accessed: February 1, 2023]

Please note along with our service, we will provide you with the following deliverables:

Please do not hesitate to put forward any queries regarding the service provision.

We look forward to having you on board with us.

Get 90%* Discount on Assignment Help

Most Frequent Questions & Answers

Universal Assignment Services is the best place to get help in your all kind of assignment help. We have 172+ experts available, who can help you to get HD+ grades. We also provide Free Plag report, Free Revisions,Best Price in the industry guaranteed.

We provide all kinds of assignmednt help, Report writing, Essay Writing, Dissertations, Thesis writing, Research Proposal, Research Report, Home work help, Question Answers help, Case studies, mathematical and Statistical tasks, Website development, Android application, Resume/CV writing, SOP(Statement of Purpose) Writing, Blog/Article, Poster making and so on.

We are available round the clock, 24X7, 365 days. You can appach us to our Whatsapp number +1 (613)778 8542 or email to info@universalassignment.com . We provide Free revision policy, if you need and revisions to be done on the task, we will do the same for you as soon as possible.

We provide services mainly to all major institutes and Universities in Australia, Canada, China, Malaysia, India, South Africa, New Zealand, Singapore, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

We provide lucrative discounts from 28% to 70% as per the wordcount, Technicality, Deadline and the number of your previous assignments done with us.

After your assignment request our team will check and update you the best suitable service for you alongwith the charges for the task. After confirmation and payment team will start the work and provide the task as per the deadline.

Yes, we will provide Plagirism free task and a free turnitin report along with the task without any extra cost.

No, if the main requirement is same, you don’t have to pay any additional amount. But it there is a additional requirement, then you have to pay the balance amount in order to get the revised solution.

The Fees are as minimum as $10 per page(1 page=250 words) and in case of a big task, we provide huge discounts.

We accept all the major Credit and Debit Cards for the payment. We do accept Paypal also.

Popular Assignments

Assessment 4: Tableau Dashboard and Report

Issued:                Monday of Week 4 Due:                     11:59PM (local Time) Wednesday of Week 7 Weight:                60% Report Length: 1500 – 4000 words + Tableau *.twbx file Overview During this assessment you will produce an interactive Tableau Dashboard and an accompanying report detailing the planning of the Tableau Dashboard. Background Tableau dashboards

Read More »

Assessment 3: Critical Review of a Tableau Dashboard

Issued:                Monday of Week 1 Due:                     11:59PM (local Time) Sunday of Week 5 Weight:                20% Length:               5-10 minutes (approx. 500-3000 words) Overview During this assessment you will produce a video presentation critically reviewing a Tableau dashboard from a design planning and communication perspective. Background Tableau dashboards are used extensively for

Read More »

Wireless Communication Engineering Assignment Help

Looking for Wireless Communication Engineering Assignment Help? If you are looking for wireless communication engineering assignment help, just get it quickly online! The good news is that you no longer need to chase your professors around with confusion about assignments. Nor do you have to stress out as chase that

Read More »

Assessment 2: Planning and Creating Static Visualisations

Due:                     11:59PM (local Time) Sunday of Week 3 Weight:                20% Length:                1000-2500 words Overview During this assessment you will produce written report detailing the planning and creation of three static visualisations derived from a data table. In this assessment, the quality of the presented visualisations is not assessed, only the

Read More »

Nursing Healthcare Case Study Assignment Help

ASSESSMENT ITEM 2: DESCRIPTION Shared decision-making is a model for clinical practice which includes patients’/clients’ values and preferences and supports them to make decisions about their own care and treatment options in collaboration with their healthcare team (Geddis-Regan et al., 2020). A patient’s/client’s culture affects the way they understand health

Read More »

BSBCRT311 Apply Critical Thinking Skills in a Team Environment

Table of Contents Table of Contents…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3 About the Business Services Training Package…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4 About this Unit of Competency……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6 Chapter 1: Prepare to Address Workplace Problem…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8 Key Points: Chapter 1…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 30 Chapter 1 – ‘True’ or ‘False’ Quiz……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 31 Chapter 2: Evaluate Solutions for Workplace Problem…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Read More »

BSBCRT311 Apply critical thinking skills in a team environment

WORKPLACE PROJECT TASK   Student details  Student name  Student email address  Assessment Details  About this task  This workplace project requires you to use critical thinking to resolve two typical problems in the workplace.   This assessment includes the following tasks:  Task 1: Workplace Problems  Task 2: Self-reflection  You will need 2 participants who

Read More »

BSBCRT512 Originate and Develop Concepts

Contents Section 1: Scoping a relevant issue. 5 Section 2: Generating and evaluating solutions. 8 Section 3: Concept finalisation. 11 Student name:   Assessor:   Date:   Business or Community/Social group this assessment is based on:   Documentation reviewed as preparation:   Job role assumed for this assessment:   Section

Read More »

EMS5RCE – Risk Engineering (2022)

Assignment 2 Due Date: 13th February 2023, 23:59PM 1        Outline You have been tasked to evaluate the risks associated with moving from a traditional construction method for constructing concrete formwork (such as precast), to an advanced method that will be designed to take advantage of additive and/or automated and digital

Read More »

NIT3171 ICT Business Analysis & Data Visualization

Individual Assignment – Business Analysis Case Study (Stage II – 35 marks weighing 35%) Report Submission Date (through the dropbox): (10% will be deducted for each day of delay) Presentation (5 minutes each) 10 Marks: In this assignment, a Melbourne housing dataset is given to you to apply data mining

Read More »

HSC ECONOMICS The Global Economy

HSC ECONOMICS  Assessment Notification: Task 1 Subject: Economics Topic The Global Economy Nature of Assessment Task Oral presentation with a written component Weighting 25% Teacher Ms R Ali Date of Notification Term :4 Week 5A  (2022) Due Date Term 1 (2022), Week 7A,Friday (written component) and Week 8B(Oral component)  

Read More »

Behaviour & Environment Case Study

Section 1: Overview of Issue of Human-Environment Relations & Proposed Intervention (Delete this and enter your text for this section here) Section 2: Identify all key stakeholders: (Delete this and enter your text for this section here) Section 3: Explain how the Intervention Strategy should be implemented (Delete this and

Read More »

Assignment BMSC Pharmacology Breakdown

  Section Word Limit Marks Research Time Writing Time Description Clarity N/A 5 10 mins 1 hr sentence structure; typographical errors; scientific style Reference N/A 5 20 mins 40 mins correct use of referencing style and in text citations; typically 5-10 references depending on the topic/experimental platform and drugs used

Read More »

Assessment Task 3: Portfolio Output 3

This task requires you to create a blog post and a 3-4 minute edited video that critically and creatively responds to one of the Digital Media Contexts from weeks 7-10 (this must be a different topic from what you chose for Portfolio Output 2). Your video is to be embedded

Read More »

Formulae Sheet

Formulae Sheet Current ratio Current assets Current liabilities     Quick ratio or acid test Cash + marketable securities + net receivables Current liabilities     Current cash debt coverage Net cash provided by operating activities Average current liabilities     Receivables turnover Net sales Average net trade receivables  

Read More »

Cashflow and Financial Analysis

Assessment Task: 20% Cashflow and Financial Analysis – Template IMPORTANT:  Preparing the cashflow statement and financial analysis template. The template is prepared to satisfy all the assignment business’s so there may be extra line items in the template. To submit the cash flow statement, you need to use the template

Read More »

Cashflow and Financial Analysis – Ship’em In&Out

Assessment Task: 20% Cashflow and Financial Analysis – Ship’em In&Out IMPORTANT:  Preparing the cashflow statement and Financial analysis To submit the cash flow statement, you need to use the template document in CANVAS. The template is prepared to satisfy all the assignment business’s so there may be extra line items

Read More »

Pros and Cons of Chat GPT Assignment Help

How great is Chat GPT Assignment Help? Chat GPT Assignment help is definitely an incredible possibility for students. It is a technological advancement that can generate essays and articles on a massive range of topics. Moreover, you can just ask any question, and you will get your answer right away.

Read More »

Question 10 – REPORTS

Complete the table below, by listing three types of financial reports that are produced in your workplace. Type of Report Content of Report Frequently of Report                  

Read More »

Question 9 – BUSINESS RECORDS

Work through the following table and indicate whether each record should be kept or destroyed. Detail the reason for your answer and how long the record should be kept (for example, legislation requirement – retain for five years). Record Keep – Yes or No Reasons Suppliers Invoices     Employee

Read More »

Question 6 – BUSINESS ACTIVITY STATEMENT

Using the following information, complete the Business Activity Statement, you may need to refer to the ATO website to help you complete. Download and complete the Business Activity Statement (BAS). It can be found separately on the course page.

Read More »

Question No 5 – BREAKEVEN ANALYSIS & MOVING

AVERAGE Activity 5.1 – Break-even Answers A. B.   Manage 8 Buildings Manage 10 Buildings Manage 15 Buildings Manage 20 Buildings Manage 25 Buildings Income           Less Variable Costs           Less Fixed Costs           Total Cost    

Read More »

Question 3 – Depreciation

You are the Licensee-In-Charge of Hope & Murphy Real Estate and wish to purchase computers for your new office in the CBD. Using the information below: Office fit out                      $120,000 Assets effective Life          4 years Purchase Date                  1st July STRAIGHT-LINE METHOD CALCULATION Years 1 to 4 – JOURNAL ENTRIES DEPRECIATION                                               

Read More »

Question 1 – PROFIT & LOSS AND BALANCE SHEET

Please note: Editing has been restricted in this document. From the information provided below, complete the following table: Account Name Classification Profit & Loss or Balance Sheet Amount Pay Superannuation Expense Profit & Loss $117,325 Pay Mobile Phone     $7,500 Pay Office Rent     $65,000 Land & Buildings

Read More »

Case Study – WORLDUCATION

Worlducation is a social startup that manufactures tablet computers for primary school students. They not only focus on the hardware, but they also have a competitive team creating software, content and activities to better engage and educate the students. Worlducation aims to change the way children learn at school by

Read More »

Can't Find Your Assignment?

Open chat
1
Free Assistance
Universal Assignment
Hello 👋
How can we help you?