Blue is Most important. Red Something that doc will bring up in class
|Cornell Notes 7.4 Do Rules Define Morality?
|Essential Questions: What is the Divine Command Theory? -Having divine in the name shows that this theory is based on a higher power when it comes to actions doing what is right in the mind of god is what is moral. But if we do what god does not command we are doing the wrong no matter if the consequences are little. We can find god’s commands in 2 different areas, one in sacred scriptures like the bible or we can find it in human nature. -Problems with the Divine Command Theory: All religions have different inturbrations of the scriptures when they are dealing with something like god. Are actions right because god commands them or are actions right so god commands them? Plato’s thinking. What is the Natural Law Ethics? This is the idea that we should be living as the earth was natural that god built the earth the way it was. This also causes the ‘gut feeling’ like how we desire a feeling of goodness and reject something that is bad for us. It relates to god as the belief that god created human nature so following that is following god’s work. This becomes an issue when we desire things that we know are bad much like smoking or drinking alcohol. It also goes against a lot of sexual activity other than straight sex because anything else would be ‘unatural’ also if it does not result in pegnacy. What is Kant’s Categorical Imperative? -He was very religious but rejected the divine command theory -A proper theory of ethics should respect the freedom to choose unlike the divine theory and a utilitarian theory. -He has a theory of a good will to have a good will is to do good and moral actions without any other reason except it is a good action. – The categorical imperative has 2 aspects: one that we shouldn’t do anything unless it is possible for everyone to do the same thing and I am willing for everyone to do the same thing to me. -This gives me a little bit of a utilatism idea just based on the fact that it evolves everyone. -He believed religion and morality are 2 different things that shouldn’t mix. – Morality is constant while religion changes things, He focuses on desires to build on actions for us to do. These are hypothetical comparatives. Categorical Imperatives must follow no matter the desire. –
|Questions / Cues / Key Words Categorical Imperative: The idea that moral rights are only moral if everyone is capable of doing it and that you would be okay with everyone doing it to yourself. Divine command theory: The idea that what is moral and what is right comes from god or the heavens. The Good Will: This is an action that is morally good and right and it does not support anyones self interest. Second Version of Categorical imperative: The idea that everyone has the right to choose and that right must be respected. Also that we should not use people for our own personal gain. Unless they know that this is what they are doing and openly consent to it. Buddhist Ethics: The Buddhist religion gives the idea of Karma which effects what happens in the future for a person. They also like the idea of wisdom and morality very similar. The 4 noble truths: -What is tied to us brings us suffering like age, pain ect.. -We suffer because of our cravings. -To end the suffering we must end our craving. -The only way to end craving is to follow the eightfold path. The Goal of buddhist Ethics: Not to have sexual pleasures but to work towards ending suffering for everyone.
Lesson Notes: -Where do the rules come from that dictat what is right or wrong? Our will God’s will (10 commandments) Scripture? Does morality come from habit? The jewish people are shown through the 613 rules The 5 pillars of Islam profession of faith, prayer, Alms, Fastings, Pilgrimage How to direct myself it comes from the outside into much like the thinker of John Locke. This is the divine command ethics. The school ruling is much like the divine command theory. Canadian Charter of rights and freedoms
|Summary: Maybe the rules of law come from within ourselves, outside in the world, they may come from god in scripture or in ancient ruins, or from the law makers within government.
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