SCIE2223 Weather and Waves – Computer Lab Activity 1


Dateof computeractivity:

SCIE2223WeatherandWaves –ComputerLab Activity1



Prepared by Dr Danielle Verdon-Kidd, University of Newcastle

During our field activity we discussed how we measure the weather. In this lab activity you will learn how these measurements are used along with models to forecast the weather. You will first build your skills in interpreting synoptic charts to make your own weather predictions. During the lab you will undertake a series of tasks within your group and this will form the basis for your computer lab report (which is individual). Details of the report requirements are included at the end of this document.

Part 1 – Synoptic charts (60-90 mins)

There are a number of key features on a synoptic chart that you need to be able to identify.


Isobars are the lines on weather maps that join areas of equal air pressure. Numbers higher than 1013 hectopascals (hPa) on an isobar indicate high air pressure. Numbers lower than 1013 hPa indicate low air pressure.

Below is a figure of the United States of America with a series of pressure measurements in hPa. Following the rules of equal pressure generate your own isobars. Discuss with your group the weather features that emerge from your isobars. Remember isobars do not cross each other. Isobars are usually drawn for every four millibars (hint start at 1024).


Low and high pressure cells are often dominant features in a synoptic chart. Low pressure systems (cyclones/depressions) indicate cloudy or rainy regions. High pressure systems (anticyclones) indicate fine cool dry weather. The lowest or highest pressure of a pressure system is contained at the centre of the cell.

  1. WINDS

If the isobars are quite close together on the weather map, wind will blow from the higher pressure area to the lower pressure area. The closer the isobars, the stronger wind. The further apart the isobars, the gentler will be the wind.

For the following synoptic charts discuss in your groups where you think the wind would be strongest and which direction are they are blowing.


Troughs are elongated extensions of areas of low pressure. They bring similar weather to that associated with depressions/lows. They are indicated on a weather map by a blue dashed line.

Ridges are elongated extensions of areas of high pressure. They bring similar weather to that associated with anticyclones. Ridges are represented as a finger-shaped isobars.

In your groups identify the ridges and troughs in the following synoptic chart


An air mass is a large section of the atmosphere containing air with a similar temperature and moisture content. A line drawn on a weather map to show where two different air masses meet is called a front. There are two main types of fronts: cold fronts and warm fronts.

Cold Front – is an area where a mass of cold air moves very quickly underneath a mass of warm moist air. The result is a very sudden thunderstorm. It is represented like this:

We can see a series of cold fronts in the following synoptic chart.

Warm Front – A warm front occurs when a mass of warm moist air moves slowly over the top of a mass of cold air. The result is drizzling rain that may last a few days. It is represented like this:

We can see a warm front in the following synoptic chart. These are less common for Australia and tend to occur south of us.

In your group research what the two other types of fronts (occluded and stationary). Table 1: Fronts explained

Occluded frontStationary front
Symbol on a weather map


Weather experienced


Tropical cyclones are represented by an intense closed low pressure system (>986hPa). They develop over very warm tropical waters where the sea surface temperature is greater than 26

°C. They have relatively long life cycles, typically about a week. Severe tropical cyclones (Category 3 or greater) can produce significant property damage with wind speeds over 180 km/h near the centre, heavy rainfall and coastal inundation through storm surge.

East Coast Lows are intense low pressure systems that occur off the eastern coast of Australia, in particular southeast Queensland, New South Wales, far eastern Victoria, and sometimes Tasmania. Although they can happen at any time of the year, they’re more common during late autumn and winter, with a maximum frequency in June. East Coast Lows generally have much shorter lifetimes than tropical cyclones and last only a few days. They develop over the Tasman Sea close to the east coast and can intensify rapidly in the overnight period. Unlike tropical cyclones, where the warm seas provide the energy source, East Coast Lows are driven by a dynamic interaction between cold air in the high levels of the atmosphere over the continent, and the surface temperature gradient between the land and the relatively warm Tasman Sea air. They can produce gale force to storm-force winds, very heavy rainfall and in some cases coastal inundation.

For the following synoptic charts identify the TCs and ECLs. What does the arrow symbolise on the TC systems? For each map identify the region(s) most likely to be impacted by the storm systems.

*** End of Part 1 – we will take a quick break here

Part 2 – Making a weather forecast (60-90 mins)


The synoptic charts we have just been looking at can be used to make a general weather forecast for the day (more specific forecasts for days ahead will be discussed in the next section). Based on your knowledge of synoptic charts you will now make some predictions about what the weather was likely to be like at the major cities for a particular date in history.

In your groups go to Choose a synoptic chart that you find interesting (this can be done by trialling different date ranges). For your chosen chart describe the weather at the locations in the table below. You can estimate the wind direction, is it windy or calm? Describe the likely temperatures (‘warmer’, ‘cooler’, ‘about normal for the time of the year’). Is it likely to be raining, is a cold front approaching?

Table 2: Interpretation of synoptic chart Date of chart:

LocationWeather expected

Now check the rainfall and temperature map for the day of your forecast to see how correct you were. To obtain the rainfall and temperature map for the day in question go to here:


You can view forecasts out to 7 days for any region in Australia using the BoM MetEye. We can learn more about this service here:

When viewing MetEye the BoM uses a range of symbols to indicate particular weather categories. See table below:

The forecasts provided by MetEye are derived from three sources: weather observations, computer weather models and meteorological knowledge and experience. Observations are the readings of the weather that we take —not only quantities like air pressure, temperature and rainfall at the surface, but measurements in the upper atmosphere from weather balloons and aircraft, and also data from weather radars and satellites.

Weathermodelsor technically, ‘numerical weather prediction’ models, are the main tools the BoM use to forecast the weather. These models are developed using mathematical equations that explain the physics of the atmosphere and require enormous computing power. The models divide the atmosphere into a large number of grid boxes. Then at each grid point, mathematical equations based on physics that characterise how the air moves, and how heat and moisture are exchanged in the atmosphere, are applied and stepped forward in time, predicting what the weather will be.

The BOM global numerical prediction model is the Australian Climate Community Earth Systems Simulator (ACCESS). BoM meteorologists receive updated forecast data from ACCESS four times per day and compare this information from several other weather models from scientific organisations around the world. Meteorologists also draw on their own knowledge of how the atmosphere works, gained through on-the-job experience to produce a forecast.

Within your groups go to here: to see the Australia wide MSLP forecast for the next 7 days. Choose two locations that are likely to experience very different weather for the coming week and complete the table below for the 7-day forecast. To obtain the forecast navigate to MetEye on the BoM website and select your locations

Table 3: Prediction of weather of the next week

Location Name

Forecast for Friday

Forecast for Sunday

Forecast for Tuesday

Forecast for Thusday


Since scientists began using numerical weather prediction models about 60 years ago, their accuracy and reach have steadily improved. The BoM provides seven-day forecasts, but this becomes increasingly error-prone towards the end of the week-long outlook. That’s because of how forecast models work. They are forced initially with the observational data (note Australia’s network is more sparse than some other countries – how do you think this influences our accuracy?). Mathematical equations then predict what will happen next. As the timestep lengthens, any small initial errors propagate to a point at which the forecast is not reliable – just like the butterfly effect.

Getting the forecast wrong can have devastating effects, particularly with extreme events – Cyclone Tracey in 1974 is a really good example. Thankfully cyclone predictions have improved since then! However, they still aren’t perfect.

In your groups read and discuss the article analysing the prediction of TC Debbie (2017) here. prediction-information-in-the-aftermath-of-cyclone-debbie/

What are the key takeaway messages?

*** End of Part 2 – we will take a quick break here

***Any time remaining in the lab can be used to start on your report

Part 3 – Instructions for Report on Weather maps and forecasts

Due date: 5pm Tuesday 26th April Submitted through: Canvas Weighting: 10%

You will now produce a report based on what you have learnt in today’s session (and your online modules). While you have worked in groups until this point, your report must be individual. Reports are to be submitted through Turnitin via the BB link provided in your assessments tab. When writing your report please use the headings provided and stick to the word limits (i.e. answer each question under the heading specified).

  1. FRONTS (4 images + max 250 words) – 20 marks

Using the synoptic chart archive identify one example of each type of weather front (Cold, Warm, Occluded and Stationary). Discuss which regions would be most affected by each of your front examples.

  1. INTERPRETING A SYNOPTIC CHART (max 200 words) – 15 marks

Prepare a national weather forecast suitable for an online newspaper using the historical synoptic chart you chose in Part 2 and your analysis of each city in Table 2. The forecast will need to include the appropriate weather terminology.

  1. DEVELOPING A SYNOPTIC CHART (1 chart + max 250 words) – 30 marks Choose one of the following scenarios and develop a figure showing the ideal synoptic chart to match that situation (in your opinion). Explain why the synoptic chart would be ideal. This can be hand drawn and scanned, or you can use computer-based tools.


  1. You are hosting a large-outdoor party (e.g. a wedding or big birthday party) in Brisbane
  2. You are a farmer located in Wagga Wagga and you have just planted a crop of Wheat
  3. You manage Warragamba Dam and the storage is at 20% capacity
  4. You own a ski resort in Southern Victoria and there have been no snow falls yet and you have guests arriving in two weeks’ time.
  1. ASSESSING THE ACCURACY OF 7-DAY WEATHER FORECASTS (1 Table + max 250 words) – 20 marks

In part 3 of the prac you recorded the 7-day weather forecast at two locations in Australia. Now you will assess how accurate the forecasts were. Compare your forecast to the actual weather that occurred on the day (this can be done in a table). Discuss how accurate the forecast was and if this changed as the lead time increased. Comment on any particular synoptic conditions that may be have made the forecast more/less accurate. * Note this task will need to be completed after the 7 days has elapsed.

  1. FORECASTING EXTREME EVENTS (max 250 words) – 15 marks

We discussed the issues of forecasting TC Debbie in our groups. Choose another significant weather-related event and discuss the challenges associated with its forecast. You can find details on previous events here:


Universal Assignment (September 27, 2022) SCIE2223 Weather and Waves – Computer Lab Activity 1. Retrieved from
"SCIE2223 Weather and Waves – Computer Lab Activity 1." Universal Assignment - September 27, 2022,
Universal Assignment April 14, 2022 SCIE2223 Weather and Waves – Computer Lab Activity 1., viewed September 27, 2022,<>
Universal Assignment - SCIE2223 Weather and Waves – Computer Lab Activity 1. [Internet]. [Accessed September 27, 2022]. Available from:
"SCIE2223 Weather and Waves – Computer Lab Activity 1." Universal Assignment - Accessed September 27, 2022.
"SCIE2223 Weather and Waves – Computer Lab Activity 1." Universal Assignment [Online]. Available: [Accessed: September 27, 2022]

Please note along with our service, we will provide you with the following deliverables:

Please do not hesitate to put forward any queries regarding the service provision.

We look forward to having you on board with us.

Get 45%* OFF on Assignment Help

Popular Assignments

VU22977 – Practice in a Legal Environment

Advanced Diploma of Legal Practice – 22565VIC PORTFOLIO- CLIENT MATTER FILE Assessment task 1 Prepare a comprehensive portfolio of documents to create a Client Matter File which must include: Element 1 Area of law Cover sheet stating client name and short description of legal matter Client Instruction Sheet, Costs Agreement

Read More »

KIT714 ICT Research Principles: Assignment 1

Practical Qualitative Research Exercise                                                                                                                                         Type:                 In-Semester, Individual Assignment Task Length:   minimum 2,000 words Weighting:     20% of total assessment for this unit Due Date:       Friday 5 August 2022 – 11:55 pm (Week05) Submission:    electronic submission on MyLO (WORD or PDF) Description:    This practical exercise will engage students in a qualitative research

Read More »

MODULE 44-704463 Dissertation Help

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA Dissertation (12,500 words) Deadline: JULY 29th 2022, 3pm Introduction and abstract  Situates the research question within the, theory, and concepts Explains the value of the study.  Relevance of the research question, to the field of study is fully justified. Leads logically into the Literature Review. Abstract of professional

Read More »

ITECH1103-Assignment: Assignment 2: Analytics Report

Overview The purpose of this task is to provide students with practical experience in writing a data analytical report to provide useful insights, patterns, and trends in a chosen dataset in the light of a set of tasks required within this document. This dataset will be chosen from the UC

Read More »

PBHL20001 Term 1, 2022 – Supplementary Assessment

PBHL20001 Term 1, 2022 Supplementary Assessment The influenza pandemic that followed World War I and took place over the period from 1918-1920 resulted in an estimated 100 million deaths worldwide and 500 million infections. In addition, this pandemic had a significant impact on public health practice throughout the 20th century

Read More »

Community Health Project 1 (HLTH 3058): Assessment 2: Portfolio Task 2

Community Health Project 1 (HLTH 3058) Assessment 2: Portfolio Task 2 – Evaluative Framework Marking Guide Weighting: 15% the total grade for the course   Criteria Outstanding performance (75-100%) Exceeds core requirements (65-74%) Meets core requirements (50-64%) Does not meet requirements (<50%) Comments Content (70%) Demonstrates adequate knowledge of integrating

Read More »

Community Health Project 1 (HLTH 3058): Assessment 2: Portfolio Task 1

Community Health Project 1 (HLTH 3058)Assessment 2: Portfolio Task 1 – Ethical Considerations Marking GuideWeighting of 15% the total grade for the course Criteria Outstanding performance (75-100%) Exceeds core requirements (65-74%)   Meets core requirements (50-64%) Does not meet requirements (<50%) Comments CONTENT (80%) Ethical Considerations   Demonstrates adequate knowledge

Read More »

SAM 11486/SAM G 6677: Assignment 1 – Individual

Assignment 1 – Individual (25%) Report Due: 11:59pm Sunday Week 5 04/09/2022 This assignment will be marked out of 25 marks and is worth 25% of the overall mark for the unit. Please check the unit outline for late penalties and restrictions on late submissions. This assignment is an individual

Read More »

11486 Systems Analysis and Modelling

Assignment Case Study C – Feed Me Now Disclaimer: The situation described in the following case study is fictional, and bears no resemblance to any persons, businesses, or organisations, living or dead. Any such resemblance, if exists, is merely co-incidental in nature, and is not intentional. Feed Me Now is

Read More »

MAA703 – Accounting for Management

Trimester 2 2022 Assessment Task 2 Part B – Teamwork Reflection (Individual) DUE DATE AND TIME:                        Wednesday, 7 September 2022 by 8:00pm (AEST) PERCENTAGE OF FINAL GRADE:    10% WORD COUNT:                                   750 – 800 words Description Teamwork is one of the vital components of many workplaces and the ability to demonstrate

Read More »

Research project assessment proforma and marking schemes

BSc Biomedical Sciences with Health, Exercise and Nutrition (HEN6004) and BSc Biomedical Science (APS6022) Instructions for use All forms must be completed electronically and uploaded to the student submission point in  turnitin. Please note the literature review assessment will be completed in January whereas the assessment of the paper/poster and

Read More »

XERO and Spotlight reporting software Report Assignment

Case facts – Read me carefully please City Infrastructure Holdings Ltd (CIH) and Network Maintenance Services Ltd (NMS) City Infrastructure Holdings Ltd (CIH) acquired 100% of the 300,000 issued shares in Network Maintenance Services (NMS) on 1 July 2021.  The consideration provided to shareholders of NMS consisted of $1.20 in cash plus 1

Read More »

KIT103 Computational Science

School of Information and Communication Technology College of Sciences and Engineering Unit Outline KIT103 Computational Science Semester 2, 2022 Sandy Bay Campus, Hobart Newnham Campus, Launceston COVID-19 (Coronavirus Information) For information on how you can help keep us all safe, please review the Coronavirus updates page here: Sections that

Read More »

SEN725 Urban Stormwater Asset Design

Assessment Task -4 Final Report – Analysis of CoGG Stormwater Network Weight 50% This is an individual assessment task. Plagiarism and collusion is unacceptable practice at Deakin University. You must appropriately reference your work. Failure to do so will result in disciplinary action. For more information on plagiarism and collusion,

Read More »

PSY3PRP 2022 Assignment 2: Research Project Report

PSY3PRP 2022 Assignment 2: Research Project Report Guidelines and Marking Rubric Individual Research Report due Wednesday 19th October 11.59pm (50% of total grade) For this assignment—with support through structured tutorial work across much of the semester— you will produce an individually-written report on the broad topic of feeding difficulties in

Read More »

Increasing Demand for assignment help in Namibia

With the growing population, the demand for clean energy, advanced technology, new structures, and better healthcare is escalating day by day which makes engineering the most popular degree for the youth. As more people pursue engineering nowadays, it also makes it one of the most difficult and competitive degrees also.

Read More »

Online Assignment Help in Germany

How Could You Do Exam Preparation Effectively? Exam time is full of challenges and difficulties. You have to juggle exams even in high school, college, or higher education. It defines your knowledge of a specific subject and how well you know the curriculum. The exam also tests how much you

Read More »

Get Excellent Human Values Assignment Help Immediately

Get Excellent Human Values Assignment Help Immediately: Expert Solutions to all your Queries Instant Human Values Assignment Help Online Students can get Human Values assignment help online in a fast and simple way from the experts at Universal Assignment Help Service. Their team of over 172+ subject experts works every

Read More »

Get Top Modern History Assignment Help Online

Order Modern History Assignment Help immediately Students often need modern history assignment help for many reasons. Getting immediate online help for assignments helps students boost their academics in incredible ways. Sometimes, the pressure of studies is too much to take for students. This causes them to score poor grades and

Read More »

Get Instant Assignment Help in the United Arab Emirates

How Can Assignments Help Students? Whatever the definition of homework is, one thing is certain: it helps students thoroughly learn the concepts they have studied in class. The number of such assignments may cause stress or a burden. It means students and tutors are both correct in their type of

Read More »

Assignment Help in Mexico

How to Gain Awesome Grades in Your Chemistry Subject? Whether you are pursuing a technical degree or studying in the science stream, chemistry is always at the forefront. If you love to observe reactions, molecules, acids, condensation, evaporation, and dilution, chemistry will prove a resource for getting outstanding academic marks.

Read More »

Assignment Help in Kenya

How Could You Find the Best Biology Homework Website? Getting online homework help from an expert is neither embarrassing nor unauthentic. The vast majority of students around the world believe that doing online assignments and tutoring is beneficial. The Standard Graduate School of Education revealed that 56% of students suffer

Read More »

Assignment Help in Bangladesh

The Best 6 Hacks to Shortlist the Top Civil Engineering Assignment Tutor? Finding a homework expert for civil engineering assignments is a hectic task. As civil engineering has several fields, getting expertise is difficult for tutors. You may struggle to receive civil engineering assignment help in Bangladesh due to this

Read More »

Assignment Help in Pakistan

What Will Unethical Occur from Getting Homework? Homework looks like a mode of learning in most cases. But what happens to its quantity? Its quantity should be more than enough for students. Such circumstances may be detrimental to the health of the pupils. Sometimes, college faculties or teachers forget to

Read More »

Assignment Help in Malaysia

The Best 4 Skills You Should Learn For Making Your Career in 2022 As technological innovations leap forward daily, new skills are entering our market. Sticking to one skill set enables you to lose lucrative job opportunities. That is why it gives importance to having diverse skills, which should be

Read More »

MKT200 Marketing Principles: Infographic

Assessment 2 Information Subject Code: MKT200 Subject Name: Marketing Principles Assessment Title: Infographic Assessment Type: Individual infographic Length: Two pages Weighting: 30% Total Marks: 100 Submission: Online Due Date: Week 9 Your task Individually, you are required to create a two-page infographic outlining the communications process of two competitor brands.

Read More »

MMP-223, Property and Real Estate Law and Practice

MMP-223, Property and Real Estate Law and Practice, Trimester 2, 2022 Assignment 2, Client Report, Individual Assignment 25% of Unit Assessment (1,250 words*) Due Date: September 16, 2022, 8-pm AEST Assignment Brief: Clyde, being a real estate agent, loves property. With his share of the sale of the Sorrento property

Read More »

NUR1398 – Foundations of Nursing Practice Theory

Assessment: Care Plan Report Task overview Course NUR1398 – Foundations of Nursing Practice Theory Brief task description Written care plan addressing nursing care requirements for older patients with degenerative conditions. Rationale for assessment task Registered Nurses are required to think through the different aspects of patient care to arrive at

Read More »

MBA641 Project Strategy Framework

Assessment 1 Information Subject Code: MBA641 Subject Name: Strategic Project Management Assessment Title: Project Strategy Framework Assessment Type: Length: Individual video recording and supporting Infographic Video: 10-minute (no more) Supporting infographic: 1 page (no more) Weighting: 30% Total Marks: Submission: 100 Online Due Date: Week 4 Your task You are

Read More »

SEJ201 Structural Design Assessment

SEJ201 Structural Design Assessment Task 5 FINAL PROJECT REPORT Summary The Final Project Report is an individual task which builds on teamwork completed earlier in the trimester. This report shall clearly explain and justify the design solution proposed. In this report students you should identify project scope, inputs and constraints,

Read More »

42907 Design for Durability

Introduction Overall, explain what readers will find in the report, general information about the structure, location, climatic conditions, detail which specific parts of the structure will be designed according to which Australian standard. Which type of foundation, why? You can use figures in this section. Provide the scope of the

Read More »

Can't Find Your Assignment?

Open chat
Free Assistance
Universal Assignment
Hello 👋
How can we help you?