For health care professionals, it’s a moral obligation to continually advocate for the acceptance of new medicines and technologies in healthcare. An ethical problem is investigated, usually in the context of a clinical scenario, and a plan of action is decided using values, facts and rationale. Just as an instance, one of the most basic ethical problems involves the ability to discern between good and evil (Jeong, 2017). Sometimes, choosing between two “rights” (contradictory principles) or two separate value systems, such as the patient’s and the medical centre’s is a lot harder to do. Clients and their relatives, as well as their principles, must be admired in addition to integrity and transparency. Another thing to keep in mind is the complexity of the medical ethics field. Additional people skills are required such as collecting the facts required to make a decision and then presenting the opinion in such a way as to gain the trust of all stakeholders.
Listening is a requirement in medical ethics. In many cases, ethical disputes are the result of not understanding all of the situations or not telling patients the whole truth about a particular case. It’s also important to be polite and considerate of others’ feelings. No matter how thoughtful your ethical judgement maybe, if the patient doesn’t trust you, it may be ignored. Many people believe that ethics consists solely of telling people what they should and should not do. However, doing so might be freeing in certain instances. It’s also possible for them to check that you’re on track. To be more confident in their activities, healthcare workers need to think about ethics while introducing any new treatment procedure or technology (Van Haecke et al.,2018). In all professional relationships, the caregiver demonstrates sympathy and respect for the inherent dignity, worth, and individuality of every human being, irrespective of social or economic status, personal traits, or the severity of health concerns. It is the primary role of the health worker to care for clients, whether they be people, a family, a community, or a society. In addition to advocating for and defending patient rights, nurses improve health, protection, and patient well-being.
Care providers are responsible for determining the appropriate delegation of tasks to provide individuals with the best feasible care. Sustaining integrity and protection, maintaining expertise, and pursuing interpersonal and professional advancement are all part of this. An individual and collective effort by the nurse practitioner contributes to the development, maintenance, and enhancement of healthcare environments and employment conditions appropriate to the delivery of quality health care and consistent with the profession’s principles (Lee, 2017). The health professional promotes the advancement of the healthcare profession through efforts to practice, education, management, and information development. They work with other health specialists and the public to meet the medical requirements of communities, nations, and the globe. Nurses, as represented by their organizations and members, have a responsibility to define nursing values, defend the dignity of the healthcare sector and its practice, as well as influence the direction of societal policy along with advocating the introduction of any new treatment and technologies.
Personnel in the healthcare industry have a moral and legal duty to protect patients. Therefore, patients suffer whenever these responsibilities aren’t met promptly. Health care providers may be held responsible for their conduct as a result of these acts. The act of doing what is appropriate for the client is an ethical activity. There is a code of ethics that health care workers are expected to observe. In the healthcare code of ethics, for example, ethical standards are spelt out in considerable detail. Forgery and negligence should be treated as situations of unethical activity that must be handled. Both legally and socially, physicians should provide sufficient care to their patients. Healthcare fraud harms customers and is a major issue in the healthcare sector. Healthcare malfeasance is the practice of filing claims for fraudulent or unnecessary services in order to enhance the number of funds made.
Accordingly, patients’ autonomy must be respected by providing them with the truth about their condition and educating them on potential dangers as well as benefits of treatment so that individuals may make informed choices about their treatments. It’s legal for someone to refuse therapy, as long as it doesn’t harm another person’s health (Home, 2019). Because of the competing perspectives, ethical dilemmas occur. Treatment provided by a benevolent professional is beneficial to patients because it is in their best interests. To be benevolent is to do something kind for someone. Your actions as a healthcare practitioner are designed to have a positive impact. Perceived vs. objective kindness is a recurring conundrum in moral philosophy. A good choice can only be impartial if it is made without consideration to who is making the decision. Therefore, physicians have historically been responsible for the moral decision-making process and the ultimate judgement.
Nonmaleficence means not causing damage to another person while administering any new treatment or technology. Caretakers must examine themselves to see if their actions might harm the patient. “Good” activities or practices of a healthcare provider are those that serve the client’s best interests and limit negative effects. Loss by omission happens when a preventative measure was not performed that may have avoided harm. Suppose, for example, that the patient’s healthcare bedside railings were not lifted. As a result of this, the patient was injured. Something went wrong as a result of what you did or said. Giving the improper dose or patient of a drug is one of these acts of commission that can be committed by anyone. Patients with terminal illnesses are frequently concerned that new technology may prolong their lives beyond their wishes; consequently, healthcare providers are challenged to improve care at this final stage of life (Skär and Söderberg, 2018). People may even decide to hasten their demise if such options are accessible. Medical professionals may have difficulty accepting mortality while there are potentially viable options, even if “dying with dignity” is the summit of autonomy. Here comes the situation of the ethical clash between patients and healthcare professionals. When it comes to accelerating death, there are some states where it’s still against the law. Due to a conflict between beneficence and autonomy, care providers and case managers desire to be benevolent and/or not harm at the same time. For this reason, we must provide patients with all the knowledge they require to make an educated decision about whether they want to expedite their demise or let it happen.
Equity refers to the handling of persons with equality and fairness. A set of ethical principles regulates the physician-patient relationship. In addition to humans, ethical behaviour in the 21st century must take into account institutional and cultural settings. Not only must clients be treated equitably, but also organizations and their workers (Mulinari et al.,2018). When a patient is unable to pay, the organization is obligated to pay for the treatments that were previously provided to the individual. Justice and wellness conflict a lot of instances when looking at how they interact. It is not possible to allocate limited resources in the real world if a system seeks to give each individual an equal quantity.
Professionals in the medical field should be open with their patients, which means they should inform them of the facts. Transparency is key to preserving faith in the organization, even when it relates to failures. The same is true in other sectors, where learning opportunities are numerous. Successes and failures should both be celebrated and recognized for the same reasons. While all health care institutions must develop a culture of transparency, no matter what resources are available. Involving persons in their health services and health care is well-known as a key component in attaining better results. As a consequence, the delivery of high-quality health care is concentrated on the individuals (Maffoni et al.,2019). Healing and well-being are improved in those who take accountability for their healing and well-being, as well as those who care concerning their ethics. It means allowing individuals to actively engage in their therapy and clinical choices as well as actively managing their fitness and wellbeing. Focusing on individuals is the “gateway to all values,” as the saying goes.
The correct path of conduct in medical ethics is determined by using values, facts, and logic. There must also be a level of respect for the patients’ family members as well as their ethical choices. The practice of medical ethics isn’t simple and requires people skills, such as obtaining the information needed to make a choice and presenting that conclusion in a way that earns the confidence of all individuals. So, it can be concluded that healthcare professionals have the legal responsibility to advocate the introduction of any new technology or treatment in the healthcare sector.
Home, A. N. A. (2019). ANA Position Statement: The ethical responsibility to manage pain and the suffering it causes.
Jeong, G. S. (2017). The influencing factor of consciousness of biomedical ethics, moral sensitivity and critical thinking disposition on the Code of Nurses Ethics of nursing student. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 18(11), 544-555.
Lee, Y. J. (2017). The difference of the death perception, death attitude and the awareness of biomedical ethics of nursing students according to the completion of bioethics education. Journal of the Korea Bioethics Association, 18(2), 95-109.
Maffoni, M., Argentero, P., Giorgi, I., Hynes, J., & Giardini, A. (2019). Healthcare professionals’ moral distress in adult palliative care: a systematic review. BMJ supportive & palliative care, 9(3), 245-254.
Mulinari, S., & Ozieranski, P. (2018). Disclosure of payments by pharmaceutical companies to healthcare professionals in the UK: analysis of the Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry’s Disclosure UK database, 2015 and 2016 cohorts. BMJ open, 8(10), e023094.
Skär, L., & Söderberg, S. (2018). The importance of ethical aspects when implementing eHealth services in healthcare: A discussion paper. Journal of advanced nursing, 74(5), 1043-1050.
Van Haecke, D. D. A., & de Montgolfier, S. (2018). Genetic diseases and information to relatives: practical and ethical issues for professionals after introduction of a legal framework in France. European Journal of Human Genetics, 26(6), 786-795.No Fields Found.