Animal through observational learning mimics certain animals to protect themselves from predators and fit into their environment. Therefore, they adopted different mimics patterns of other animals called modal. Besides this animals can be trained for various tasks by monitoring their learning behavior and training them accordingly.
Keywords: Animal mimicry and their types, the science of animal mimicry and training
Science of Animal Mimicry and Training
The three million animal species are broadly classified into three main groups carnivore, herbivore, and omnivores. Carnivores and omnivores used other animals as their food source. So, these animals are called prey and carnivore are their predators. As survival is a dire need of every species so the predators adopt different defensive behavior to ensure their survival on earth and continue their race. Like some have thin and fast running feet others merge themselves with the environment that predators can’t identify them. But there is another category of animals that don’t receive any special defensive gift from nature, so they totally rely on various self-help dodging techniques to save themselves from these deadly predators.
Mimicry is a self-help dodging adaptation that helps mimics to deceive their prey or predators by pretending someone else (modal). It benefits the mimic to defend themselves and ensure their survival. Animal mimicry is generally categorized into three types
- Batesian mimicry:
When an animal behaves like a more dangerous animal pass a strong warning signal to predators. For example, mimic octopus.
2. Mullerian mimicry:
It is a type of mutualistic association in which two or many species have a common host mimic each other signals like body color and this adaptation helps both species if a predator encounters anyone, he avoids similar species next time. For example, Heliconius butterflies
3. Emsleyan mimicry:
It’s a very strange type of mimicry in which a wild and risky animal pretends to be less dangerous and safe. It is just the opposite of Batesian mimicry. The basic science behind this adaptation is that if an animal is too risky that it could kill its predator on the first account then the predator could not recognize them and the chance of an attack on them will be high. That’s why they mimic less dangerous animals, so they face fewer attack encounters from their predator. For example, coral snakes.
The science behind mimicry:
According to the Darwin theory of survival of the fittest animals adopt different adaptations to fit in their environment and protect themselves from deadly predators. To ensure their race and to protect their race from extinction they adopt different mimicry patterns. They learn these behaviors through their observation of either their environment or their predator.
Animal training is teaching animals to perform a specific task to a distinct stimulus. As dogs can be trained for detection and protection. Similarly, lions can be trained to perform in the circus.
As we know that humans are social animals, and we learn a new skill or any new language we practice it daily until we become expert in it. This is called learning theory. Similarly, animals can also be trained by applying the same theory.
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