Smart home with 5G network

     Smart home  with 5G network          
       Supervisor:   Prof. – Antal Goldsmith     Harshkumar Patel(203148) (MSc. Cyber security) Dissertation-Project Report 16/01/23     Birmingham City University       Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the     Built Environment                       



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  5G Smart Home Base networks are made to give homes quick, dependable internet connectivity. These networks are built to provide devices in the house with blazing-fast speeds, extremely low latency, and secure communications. Additionally, Smart Home Base 5G networks are made to offer a steady connection that is unaffected by outside elements like bad weather or heavy traffic. These networks’ high level of security is intended to enable safe data transmission and communication inside the home. In order to automate house monitoring and control, 5G Smart Home Base networks are also made to interface with current home security systems.

The following are the primary elements of the advanced smart house concept:

1. IoT services: IoT services make it possible to connect and remotely control devices. These services allow sensors to connect to the internet and each other.

2 controlling, and monitoring data via the cloud. This can give a complete picture of the home and make home automation more effective.

3. Cloud computing: Cloud computing offers a platform for data processing, analysis, and storage, as well as a platform for putting algorithms and artificial intelligence systems into use. This enables data to be gathered in real-time from different areas of the home and processed to deliver more precise and effective home automation.

4. 5G network: For smart devices, 5G networks can deliver good coverage, quicker speeds, and more reliability.

3. Acknowledgements:

 For their assistance and direction during this project, I would like to thank my supervisor and me. I want to express my gratitude in particular to my teacher and internet who help me a lot of for collecting knowledge and give me ideas for making project , and the contributors who offered insightful comments and shaped the project’s goals. In addition. I’d want to end by expressing my gratitude to everyone who contributed to the project’s data collecting, analysis, and reporting.

Last but not the list I would also like to thank my family without whom this work would not have been possible.

4. Contents page:

 indicates chapter, sections, references and appendices with page numbers.

• Clearly indicates the starting page number of each major section.
• Section headings should be left justified.
• Page numbers should be right justified.
• A ‘menu style’ of centered headings should be avoided.

5. List of tables (if applicable): 

includes the table number, table name and page number of each table.

• Clearly indicates the starting page number of each table.
• Table numbers and headings should be left justified.
• Page numbers should be right justified.

The following will be considered as the base requirements for the dissertation structure: 

· Abstract 

· Introduction – The definition of the problem including the project aim and objectives 

· Presentation and Analysis of primary and/or secondary data 

· Discussion and interpretation of Results 

· Conclusions 

· Recommendations and proposals for further work 

· References – The Harvard Style MUST be used (this refers to all work cited in the report) 

· Bibliography (this is different to references and refers to background reading) 

· Appendices and Artefacts (may be submitted separately) 

Where appropriate adjustments to the structure can be made to accommodate the client- focused 

dimension of some projects, but this should always be done with the agreement of the supervisor.

Project Proposal Format

• Title page – MUST include project title, student’s name/ID No., Project supervisors’ names

• Aim(s) and Objectives:

• Project Philosophy:

  • Literature Review:

• Research Methodology, including any resources required

• Ethical Consideration, showing how the Research will adhere to the university Research Ethics requirements

• Supervision

• Time plan with key deliverables identified:

• Support Required

• Skills Audit

• References

• Appendices

Top of Form

6. List of figures (if applicable): includes the figure number, figure name and page number of each figure.

• Clearly indicates the starting page number of each figure.
• Figure numbers and headings should be left justified.

• Page numbers should be right justified.

7. List of abbreviations (if applicable): identifies specialist abbreviations used in the work.

8. Introduction

1. 1 Aims and Purposes

Research Goal

My project, “Smart Home Base 5G Network,” focuses mostly on how to install smart gadgets while utilizing a 5G network and on the benefits and drawbacks of smart homes when connecting 5 generation wireless. In this project I talk about smart home automation  like how I use all the things while installing 5G network in smart home my main focus is home devise like save the people energy and  time like, In today word they don’t have too much time and they don’t want to waste energy in not worthy it things so, basically they all have one option to leave luxuries life with latest emanates and all kind of gadgets .

A 5G Smart Home that works well must be able to accommodate both 5G and WLAN devices. The smallest internet of things will be permanently connected in the near future thanks to 5G technologies. Smart homes, and the internet of things must all be integrated into one sizable, cohesive infrastructure by such a connected hierarchy.

1. Keywords: Internet of Things, smart homes, home automation, mobile systems, and 5G

The objective of this project is to build an IoT Smart House that can monitor particular parameters and operate particular equipment. Temperature, humidity, movement, water, and power are among the variables to be analyzed. a plug, a camera,

The user can operate the speaker and microphone from any mobile device.

If the observed data changes outside the user’s specified range, the user will be notified. The device must function even if the house’s electricity goes out, therefore it must also include a battery backup and an Internet hotspot.

The primary difficulties with 5G at home include:

1. Security: There is a higher demand for security mechanisms that safeguard users’ data and personal information as a result of the rise in connected devices and the adoption of new technologies like the Internet of Things (IoT) in homes.

2. Interoperability: In order to deliver a seamless experience as more devices are linked to 5G networks, they must be able to cooperate. Because of this, producers must make sure that their goods are compatible with one another.

3. High-speed data transmission: Due to interference from walls and other impediments in some parts of the home, 5G networks must be able to enable high-speed data transmission in order to handle the increased number of connections.

The disabled, the elderly, the ill, or children can operate them at home using a variety of controllers, including Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Keypads, Pushbuttons, and Capacitive Touch Sensors. People benefit from its flexibility, dependability, and convenience. The regulating procedure can enhance user performance.

experience in life. The user can modify the status of any home appliances from the Demotics online data log if they are not sure if they are on or off. One of the open-source platforms is called Demotics. The Raspberry Pi is utilized as a server in this project. Wi-Fi is using the server to connect to the mobile.

The Arduino Uno and ESP are used by the controller to send and receive signals.

The cell phone and the computer can communicate wirelessly thanks to Bluetooth.

They can be operated at home by people who are disabled, aged, unwell, or even young children utilizing a range of controllers such Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, keypads, pushbuttons, and capacitive touch sensors. Its adaptability, dependability, and ease are advantageous to people. Performance of the user can be improved by the regulating process.

life experience: If a user is unsure whether a home appliance is on or off, they can change its status via the Demotics online data log. The open-source platform Demotics is one of them. In this project, the Raspberry Pi serves as a server. Wi-Fi_ connects to the mobile device utilizing the server.

The services that the technology offers, and the kind of user demands it seeks to meet vary between the two definitions, despite the fact that they both share some comparable principles. More generally, when defining smart homes, the majority of academics cite technological characteristics. The “smart house is a residence outfitted with a high-tech network, linking sensors and domestic gadgets, appliances, and features that can be remotely monitored, accessed, or controlled, and provide services that respond to the demands of its occupants,” according to Baltazar’s  description. Similar methodology was used by De Silva et al.without mentioning the technology components of smart houses.

The controller sends and receives signals using the Arduino Uno and ESP.

Wireless communication between a pc and a cell phone is possible. Thanks Bluetooth 

In the conclude of introduction I am learning like how to basic system use while using this system like there are many various ways to take a responsibility that we have to take while staling and also make in draft for any kind of smart home lot of equipment needed and also tools and people who in this field and also some kind if data want who is apply and knowledgeful this system.


In the literature review, I give a brief explanation of the system, including what kinds of keywords to use and how to use it specifically in smart homes. I also discuss the major technologies used in the project, the types of data that will be obtained, and how to connect to the 5G network using smart home devices. Different dives require different work.

TO, recuperator, main main function is using of 5G network build the all system wireless and connecting with internet via cellular so, first we set up plan as per plan we have to execute to, devise collection then using this keyword and setup to all perfumes like I have to set up network then contain devices with the internet and all model of home devise, like T.V,Lights, camara, Gas connection,hiter,A.C, Fans, Alex, like any home devise,keydoor, every door setup, home alliances, so, it is main things after that I have to maintain the all things with network so, then finally in mobile or any devise which is control by application or website I have to setup and connection and the  check and use so its finally set up. Finally, its ready to use.

Increased Comfort: Smart home technology makes it easier to control temperature and lighting, creating an environment that is comfortable and inviting. Energy Efficiency: Smart home technology can help you save on energy bills by making it easier to control and monitor energy consumption. Convenience: Smart home technology makes it easier to control your home from anywhere — whether you’re at work, on vacation, or just out for the day.  Security: Smart home technology provides an extra layer of security, making it easier to monitor your home and keep it safe from intruders.  Automation: Smart home technology can automate some of the tasks you have to do at home, like turning on lights when you enter a room or preheating your oven before you start cooking. Voice Control: Smart home technology enables you to control your home using voice commands, making it easier than ever to access your home’s settings.

A control panel and a number of security tools, including door locks, garage door openers, interior and outdoor video cameras, lights, sirens, smoke/CO detectors, water sensors, etc., are typically included in a smart home security system. Recent control panels have the capacity to connect to the wireless LAN in the home, but in order to guarantee 99,99% availability, the control panel’s communication with the security provider is typically accomplished through an M2M cellular subscription with a mobile operator. The majority of home security systems use straightforward and low-power sensors like smoke/CO detectors, proximity sensors, The demand of a new wireless Home Networking capable of supporting all heterogeneous home gadgets, especially the simple ones and the secured ones is become increasingly urgent.

Contextual data is generated by the IoTs integrated in smart homes and is handled intelligently by them. The next stage, however, is to combine the smart homes into one sizable organic unit. This will lay the groundwork for the creation of new infrastructures and services, with the smart homes serving as the knowledge suppliers for new types of communication.

A chance to connect smart houses, organize their actions, gather huge data, and create new services for the neighborhoods well as for individual smart home users.

 Accommodate all types of heterogeneous home appliances, especially the secure and simple ones, is in high demand. Hundreds of smart devices and smart houses can be connected thanks to the 5G system’s multiple gigabit speeds and widespread device compatibility. In addition, there are numerous sensors in smart tables and computers today that we do not even consider for our homes, such as security cameras, speakers, TVs, lights, curtains, look doors, kitchens, and connecting many more. However, the main change is that with the advent of the 5G network, it is difficult to run into connection issues or hacking issues with smart devices.

Wall penetration losses, path losses, and handling of wait access point interferences are changes made to smart homes, and in the Zigbee network, the lowest layer employs spectrum spreaders to prevent using a single carrier and several channels are available.

The concept of a “smart home” has been around for decades, but recent advances in technology have made it much more accessible and user-friendly. Smart homes are systems that allow the user to control, automate, and monitor various functions within the home, such as lighting, security, temperature, and entertainment systems. Smart homes are becoming increasingly popular, due to their convenience and ability to provide a higher level of safety and security.

Automation, security, energy efficiency, user experience, and cost were the five areas used to categories the literature review on smart homes.

Another crucial component of smart homes is security. Security systems can be used to keep an eye out for trespassers and notify the user if one is found. According to the literature, installing security measures can lower the likelihood of break-ins and other types of criminal behavior.

Smart homes can be utilized to save energy expenditures and usage, making energy efficiency one of their main advantages. According to the user’s preferences, smart houses can automatically alter the lighting and temperature. They can also be used to track energy consumption.

Automation is a crucial component of smart homes and has received much discussion in the literature. Automation systems enable users to manage, schedule, and control a variety of home services, including lighting, security, temperature, and more.

The user experience of smart homes has been widely discussed in the literature. User experience is the overall satisfaction that a user has with a product or service. Smart homes are designed to be user-friendly and provide a high level of convenience and satisfaction. Finally, the cost of smart homes is an important consideration. Smart homes can be expensive to install and maintain, but the cost can be offset by the savings in energy costs and the improved security and convenience that they provide.

The market for the Internet of Things (IoT) is expanding quickly, and many businesses are now providing goods and services to link and automate houses. The ability to automate chores, monitor equipment remotely, and get notifications make smart home systems among the most well-liked options. This literature study will look at current studies on Internet of Things-based smart home solutions. It will go over the advantages of such systems, the difficulties they encounter, and their potential effects on the home’s future.

Smart Home System Benefits

Smart home systems offer a number of benefits to homeowners. These include improved convenience, energy efficiency, home security, and automation. For example, smart thermostats can be programmed to automatically adjust the temperature based on the time of day or the presence of occupants. Smart locks can be used to control access to the home and allow visitors to enter with a PIN code. Smart lighting can be used to create the perfect ambiance for any occasion, and smart appliances can be monitored and controlled remotely. Furthermore, smart home systems can be integrated with other IoT devices, such as smart speakers and virtual assistants, to create a truly connected home. Challenges of Smart Home Systems

The low power consumption of Zigbee in 5G networks, which enables longer battery life for devices, is one of its most significant advantages. In IoT (Internet of Things) applications, where power efficiency is crucial, this is especially critical. Zigbee is also a low-cost, simple standard, which makes it perfect for 5G networks. It also offers a trustworthy communication route that is secure, protecting the integrity of the data.

Wireless communication technologies have undergone a transformation with the arrival of 5G networks. One of the most well-liked short-range wireless communication protocols, Zigbee, has become a potential technology for 5G network connectivity. It is utilized in many different applications. We go through the significance of Zigbee in 5G networks, its advantages and disadvantages, and the most recent research on the integration of Zigbee and 5G networks in this literature study.

Zigbee’s capacity to provide a variety of services is an additional advantage in 5G networks. Numerous uses are made possible by this, including dependable communication between automobiles and infrastructure, remote healthcare monitoring, and automated smart homes. Additionally, the mesh networking architecture of Zigbee helps extend coverage and improve device communication.

To ensure a seamless process, there are various obstacles that must be overcome.

The idea of a “smart home” is intriguing because it enables people to manage and communicate with a wide range of gadgets from the convenience of their own homes. But these new security dangers brought on by technology need to be monitored and resolved. The obstacles facing smart homes’ security, the safeguards put in place to defend them, and the ramifications for users will all be examined in this study of the literature.

Given that a smart home is connected to the internet and consequently subject to attack, security is a crucial problem. A number of precautions must be taken to safeguard a smart home, including making sure that the gadgets being used are safe and that the networks to which they are connected are appropriately secured.

The kind of devices used also has an impact on a smart home’s security. For instance, internet-connected devices like smart TVs and security cameras are more susceptible to attack than unconnected ones. Users must also be aware of the possibility of installing malicious software on their devices, as doing so could give attackers access to their personal data.

2. Security Risk: Having an internet connection at home exposes you to a number of security dangers. Your home can be broken into, your systems taken over, and your devices infected with malicious software.

3. Lack of Interoperability: Users who wish to control all of their smart home devices from a single app or interface may find it extremely difficult because many smart home gadgets are not made to communicate with one another

4. Risk of surveillance: Because smart home gadgets can be used to keep an eye on your house and track your movements, they pose a threat to your privacy.

What options are there for smart home initiatives?

For attacks against smart homes, there are numerous options. These consist of:

1. Intrusion detection systems, firewalls, and antivirus software are examples of network security measures.

2. Authentication techniques including biometrics, passwords, and two-factor authentication3. Implementing physical security measures like alarms, cameras, and locks.4. Using encryption, secure coding techniques, and routine programmed upgrades are examples of software security methods.5. Network segmentation to sever networks and susceptible devices.

Smart houses are a form of home automation system that enable homeowners to operate many aspects of their home remotely via a computer or mobile device, including lighting, security, heating and cooling, and entertainment systems. A smart home is made up of a number of networked gadgets that can all be controlled from one central location, such as sensors, thermostats, and lighting systems. This control can be used to automate operations such as turning on and off lights at predetermined intervals, dimming lights to create a particular ambiance, or opening doors for guests. A computer or mobile device can be used by homeowners to remotely monitor their homes thanks to smart home technologies.

In conclusion, the literature review on smart homes has demonstrated that the advantages of automation, security, energy efficiency, user experience, and cost make smart homes a desirable option for many homeowners. Smart homes provide convenience and safety, can reduce energy costs, and using this technologies’ we can save time and  energy with lot of new devises which can be important to all of us.

10. Research Methods

IoT home base automation refers to the capability of electronically controlling internet-connected home appliances. And it is main focusing on the network securities and devise with connecting with 5G network and devise which are connecting to router and using main the wireless network processor and then it  can contend by any sort divinelike tablets, mobile or laptop which can have application. Complex heating and lighting systems, alarms, and home security controls, all connected by a central hub and operated remotely by a mobile app, may be set up in preparation. IoT home automation systems make it easier to remotely monitor and manage smart devices and energy use. This makes living more convenient and helps to lower energy expenditures. Voice-activated assistants like Amazon Alexa, Google Home, and Apple HomeKit are examples of IoT home automation systems, as are smart home goods like Nest thermostats, Philips Hue lighting, and Belkin WeMo switches.

Choose a smart home platform, install a smart thermostat, upgrade your lighting, add detectors, secure your home, and finally choose entertainment devices to build a smart home.

IoT devices and 5G networks working together are anticipated to intelligently detect and control traffic flows, keep an eye on the state of the roads, and ease traffic congestion. Efficiency in energy. Connected devices in buildings and cities have a lot of options thanks to 5G to detect, analyses, and manDiagram

Description automatically generated

In this method first insert all home devise and then it all connected to the home router and then via internet it is connected to smart devise which can direct control to the home network so, it will help to the devices direct control from the devices and then it has process for the internet that provides to the past things to then connected vi different devices.

The three various network types that make up the 5G networking architecture will collaborate in the future, but each of the three tiers of radio transmissions has unique properties.

Not everyone is familiar with the term “smart home” let alone the idea of having one. A smart home enables a person to have access to proper lighting and heating by use of a computer or a smartphone.  Smart Light Switch facilitates the process of switching on and off lights, fan systems, switch-dependent fireplaces and garbage disposal at one’s comfort. This can be done easily through Alexa or Google assistant, which are purchased differently. This is, however, accredited to home automation, which enables the individual to remotely control their lights, appliances, heating and cooling systems by use of a smartphone.

5G low band. low-frequency spectrum the ideal way to think about 5G is as a broad layer for mauve high band 5G, which offers nationwide coverage.

Although Bluetooth and Wi-Fi have become more common, many smart home systems still use X10 or Insight. Two of the most popular home automation communication protocols in use today are Zigbee and Z-Wave. radio transmissions with a short range and low power are used to link smart home equipment.

Both Zigbee and Z-Wave are mesh networks, which allow each device to broadcast and receive signals. As a result, the network’s range and dependability are increased. Compared to Z-Wave, Zigbee offers a wider range and more networkable devices. Additionally, it supports more specialized devices and applications, like lighting and security systems. On the other hand, Z-Wave is more affordable, quicker, more power-efficient. Additionally, it is safer than Zigbee.

The review used a systematic way to analyses and summaries the user perspective in the literature on smart homes. The study used a three-stage strategy, as suggested by Tanfield , consisting of planning the review, doing the review by analyzing publications, and reporting emergent themes and recommendations. This technique helped to ensure that the conclusions were achieved in a legitimate and trustworthy manner. In this section, these phases are addressed in more detail.

IoT home base automation refers to the capability of electronically controlling internet-connected home appliances. Complex heating and lighting systems, alarms, and home security controls, all connected by a central hub and operated remotely by a mobile app, may be set up in preparation.


the original Smart Thing. Home Assistant is the best home automation solution overall. The top hub less home automation system. such as Apple HomeKit. Amazon Alexa is the best home automation system for Apple users. The best home automation system includes Google Home, Temperature Sensors & Smart Thermostats, Light Sensors, Motion Sensors, Water Leak/Freeze Sensors, Window and Door Sensors, Video Doorbell, Weather Sensors, Smart Smoke and CO Sensors, and Weather Sensors.

The phrase “smart home” served as the basis for the key word selection. The phrase’s choice was supported by the need to address the whole range of ramifications for smart home technology both inside and outside the home, as well as by factors like acceptability of smart home technology. Beginning with the more general literature, the keywords were then honed to be more focused (e.g., smart home, smart homes, smart building, smart home technology and smart technology).

A Bluetooth based home automation system can be used to control a variety of home appliances and devices, such as lights, thermostats, door locks, security systems, and more. The system uses Bluetooth technology to communicate with each device and can be controlled remotely via a smartphone, tablet, or other compatible device. This type of system is ideal for those who want to be able to control their home from anywhere, as long as they have an internet connection. Additionally, Bluetooth based home automation systems are usually much more affordable than other types of systems, making them a great choice for budget-conscious homeowners.

Bluetooth-based solution for home automation

Systems for automating the home that use Bluetooth, an Arduino board, and a smartphone are safe and affordable. A home automation system based on Bluetooth.

 A computer or smartphone serves as the receiver device in the Bluetooth system. It can be used as a real-time system because of its high communication rate, excellent security, and inexpensive cost. One of the primary drawbacks of Bluetooth-based home automation systems is their 10-meter range, which makes it impossible for smartphones to control appliances when they are outside of range.

Voice recognition-based home automation

 Voice recognition-based home automation is a technology that allows users to control various home appliances and systems using voice commands. This technology is designed to make it easier and faster to control devices and appliances in the home. It eliminates the need for manual operation, allowing users to control their devices with simple voice commands. Voice recognition-based home automation systems use a variety of technologies, such as natural language processing and machine learning, to understand and interpret user commands. The system also typically includes a microphone and a speaker, allowing for two-way communication. This allows the user to ask questions and receive responses from the system. The primary benefit of voice recognition-based home automation is convenience. Users can control their devices with simple voice commands, eliminating the need to manually operate switches and buttons. This technology can also be used to set timers and reminders, as well as to control lighting and temperature in the home. In addition, voice recognition-based home automation systems can be used to detect and respond to home security threats.

Bluetooth technology is used for communication between the smartphone and the Arduino UNO. This will be more useful for elderly and disabled persons who want to use voice commands to operate appliances. Communication between the user and the voice recognition tool depends on the signal to noise ratio (SNR), and if the voice signal is noisy, communication can have a significant negative impact on homes.

ZigBee Based Wireless Home Automation System Wireless home automation system based on ZigBee technology is a system designed to provide wireless control of various automated home devices such as lights, air conditioners, curtains, and other home appliances. This system allows users to control these home devices remotely and without the need of physical wires. It is an ideal solution for those who want to control their home appliances without having to physically move around the house. The ZigBee based wireless home automation system works by having a central unit which is connected to the home’s power outlets. This central unit is then connected to all the home appliances which need to be automated. The user can then control the home appliances from a remote location or from within the home. The user can then set schedules for the appliances or manually control them from anywhere. The ZigBee based wireless home automation system is designed to provide a secure and reliable communication between the central unit and the home appliances. It also provides a wide range of features such as energy monitoring, remote control, scheduling, and more. This system is also very affordable and easy to install. The ZigBee based wireless home automation system is a great solution for those looking to automate their home appliances and save energy. It is also an ideal solution for those who want

is a transceiver standard with a low data rate and power that is widely utilized. Its physical range is 10 to 20 meters, however using direct sequence spread spectrum, its range can be increased to 150 meters (DSSS). It is perfect for creating prototypes and other research-related tasks.

No, Arduino Uno is a microcontroller board based on the ATmega328P microcontroller. It is used in a variety of projects, including robotics, 3D printing, and home automation.

based on Smart Home Automation and Smart Security.


B. Home appliance connection relays,

C. Sensor for air purity (MQ135)

D. Temperature and Humidity (DHT11)

IR Sensor, E.

Camera module F. (OV7670)

G. Using a mobile phone to control household appliances and the Blink app to view outcomes.

Arduino IDE H (Software)


A microcontroller board called Arduino Uno is based on the ATmega328 (datasheet).

14 digital input/output pins are present.

a 16 MHz crystal oscillator, 6 analogue inputs (of which 6 can be used as PWM outputs), a USB port, a power jack, an ICSP header, and a reset button.

It comes with everything needed to support the microcontroller; to use it, just plug in a USB cable, an AC-to-DC adapter, or a battery to power it. It has a 5v operating voltage, a 40mA DC current per I/O pin, a 50mA DC current for a 3.3v pin, 2kb of Syrmak of EEPROM, and a 16MHz clock speed.

At the end, Home Assistant is the best home automation solution overall. The top hub less home automation system. such as Apple HomeKit. Amazon Alexa is the best home automation system for Apple users. The best home automation system includes Google Home, Temperature Sensors & Smart Thermostats, Light Sensors, Motion Sensors, Water Leak/Freeze Sensors, Window and Door Sensors, Video Doorbell, Weather Sensors, Smart Smoke and CO Sensors, and Weather Sensors.


An opportunity to connect smart houses, that connecting to the internet and running to the all process it has own respites for all smart hacks and  any kind of data the main some time there can hack  and running hall house by them self but, we have a  system that if system is hack  in case then automatic its gone close so, no one can handle or use enter system for any kind of information so, lake sure we  have a thief protection for this system which  can be good for main things if it is then user have no worries to see any kind of data protection  needed  organize their actions, gather huge data, and create new services for the neighborhood as well as for individual smart home.

handled according to a fresh communication idea. The smart home concept uses 5G to generate new sustainable service options, a foundation for enhancing peoples’ quality of life, and new ways to carry out municipal government. Because it can manage the enormous amount of data produced by IoT devices, 5G technology is a key component in this goal. A 5G, put simply, is an Internet-connected collection of resources and computing power. since doing so enables the processing and storing of IoT data.

support for smart homes. Researchers will be able to examine the potential development of a larger spectrum of services to satisfy broader user groups and embrace all the potential benefits of smart home technology if research shifts from a technology-driven strategy to a consumer-centric one. Given the foregoing, future study might concentrate on the features and services of smart home technology as seen from the viewpoint of general consumers.


A control panel and a number of security tools, including door locks, garage door openers, interior and outdoor video cameras, lights, sirens, smoke/CO detectors, water sensors, etc., are typically included in a smart home security system. While more recent control panels can connect to a wireless LAN in the home, 99,99% availability is typically achieved by using an M2M cellular subscription with a mobile operator for communication with the security business. The majority of home security systems use straightforward and low-power sensors like smoke/CO detectors, proximity sensors, A new wireless

home networking system that can accommodate all types of heterogeneous home appliances, especially the secure and simple ones, is in high demand.

Numerous IoT gadgets can also be utilized in homes for a variety of uses. For instance, the Amazon Echo lets you make calls by speaking to it. Additionally, many homes have a smart TV that gives its residents access to the internet. This demonstrates that IoT has been introduced as a tool to improve environmental sustainability and daily life in houses. There are smart devices within homes that can be used for surveillance, which is a technique to increase security while no one is home, similar to IoT devices for traffic management. To view and record who is nearby the house, such gadgets can be connected to a smartphone. Modern technology has been used to construct security measures. Because of this, it is now more challenging for criminals to trespass without being discovered.


We can use a cell phone to remotely operate all electrical appliances with home automation. We use the Internet to control lights and fans.

Even so, we may still use internet services to operate the system if Wi-Fi is not available. This will enable us to remotely control our household appliances. This will make it easier for elderly and disabled individuals to operate their home equipment.

To enable remote users to access it and learn the most recent status of the home, the smart home application updates the home information in the cloud. Device security and authentication, message brokers, and message servers are common components of an IoT ecosystem.

Queuing, device management, protocols, data gathering, visualization, and analysis tools, as well as integration with other online services, scalability, real-time information flow APIs, and open-source libraries are all aspects of this technology. The sensing capacities of IoT sensors used in home automation are known. Examples include temperature, lux, water level, air composition, security cameras, voice/sound, pressure, humidity, accelerometers, infrared, vibrations, and ultrasonic. Temperature sensors are among of the most often used smart home sensors; the majority are digital sensors, but some are analogue and can be quite accurate. The luminance is measured via lux sensors. Ultrasound water level.

The goal of 5G wireless technology is to boost user experience, empower user experiences, vast network capacity, ultra-low-level latency, and deliver increased multi-Gbps peak data speeds. Moreover, Smart houses can promote socialization and possibly aid residents in overcoming feelings of loneliness. By putting support and assistance services in place, this can be  accomplished. The potential of smart home technology to help and support individuals with daily tasks has an impact on how they perceive themselves in terms of self-worth, adaptability, and competence. Self-perception is a psychosocial impact that relates to assessing one’s place in life in relation to context, culture, and values as well as in light of those entities’ expectations.

12. Discussion of Results

SMART HOME SOLUTION FOR 5G IOT Our Smart Home solution must be able to support both WLAN and mobile network devices because they will both be present in future homes. Two network slices can typically be used to realize the 5G IoT Smart Home. in the home where the EnBW macro-cell may struggle to reach the inside devices, the femtocell home router gives both WLAN and 5G connectivity. In this instance, a fiber or cable line that is routed through a proprietary gateway serves as the backhaul link to the service provider. However, if necessary or if the mobile operator lacks a terrestrial deployment option in the area, the backbone link can also be last mile 5G fixed wireless.

The foundational elements of the future smart house. It consists of a group of smart homes that are IoT-equipped. They provide their customers with services including intelligent heating, lighting, security, and entertainment systems. An AAI system is installed in each smart house, and it manages and processes the services provided by the smart home. The foundation for a smart city is formed as an integrated smart home by merging these AAI technologies and using 5G to access the Internet and services. weight.

Wireless sensor networks and the burgeoning concept of the Internet of Things (IoT) are swiftly making their way into every aspect of modern life. IoT would gradually automate everything around us through the usage of smart devices. By utilizing this technology, people can live in a secure and comfortable environment.

Monitoring and disease management are the smart home’s second health-related function. Smart home appliances can monitor elderly people’s cognitive health and notify consumers of any changes in their health . Through these cutting-edge techniques, experts are now able to remotely monitor patient health, identify potentially fatal changes before they become serious, and even deliver remote medical care, when necessary,  the use of electronic health records, remote management, and electronic e-prescriptions to track chronic illnesses optimizes data and aids in keeping a register, potentially reducing medical errors. Last but not least, the consulting feature of smart home applications used during the virtual medical visits aims to enhance well-being for an ageing population.

The comfort, remote consultation, and monitoring services that are related to health are not always seen as benefits by users and have an equivocal impact on their intentions to utilize smart home technology. One the one hand, empirical investigations showed that respondents had a generally favorable opinion of smart home technology and listed several advantages. The time and expense savings that telecare can offer over in-person hospital visits was one of the benefits that participants liked the most. On the other hand, a study by Karbler found that older consumers are skeptical of the advantages that smart home technology can offer. The geographic area where the research was conducted can account for the differences in Keebler’s findings.

Users do not always consider the comfort, remote consultation, and health-related monitoring services as benefits, which has an uncertain effect on their intentions to adopt smart home technology. On the one hand, empirical studies revealed that respondents’ opinions of smart home technology were generally positive and that they mentioned a number of benefits. One of the advantages telecare can provide over in-person hospital visits that participant loved the most was the time and cost savings. A survey by Karbler, however, revealed that elderly consumers are skeptical of the benefits that smart home technology can provide. The variations in Keebler’s findings can be attributed to the geographical location of the study.

putting four services into action monitoring the data on energy use, managing the service with an eye toward efficiency and optimization, controlling consumption patterns directly and remotely, and consulting are just a few of the options. Greater energy efficiency can reduce carbon emissions on a national scale and pave the way for the conversion of conventional energy systems to renewable electricity-generating sources. The use of wind, solar, biomass, and geothermal energy in smart home energy systems has already been the subject of research. The incorporation of renewable energy technologies into smart homes may hasten the implementation of efficient electricity and demand management.

Smart houses often provide financial advantages in addition to advantages for the environment and human health. While using energy-saving technologies eventually results in environmental sustainability, cutting electricity costs is a direct benefit of effective energy consumption management. There are two ways to realize the financial advantages. First, by routinely monitoring energy use, the adoption of smart electric appliances and smart meters raises knowledge of consumption patterns . Additionally, because energy consumption is transparent, it is feasible to compare rates with those of other energy suppliers.

Acceptance of smart homes may be hampered by concerns about growing alone and lacking in social connection. Two things may happen as a result of social marginalization. In the first, technology steadily isolates users from society inside the physical environment by replacing human interaction with virtual communication. In the second, non-users would be ostracized and stigmatized due to their socioeconomic level if the technology was adopted by a small group of wealthy users. The inconsistencies between the two viewpoints invite additional investigation.

The requested work has been conceptualized, put into practice, and functional accuracy tested. The backend or the log file stores the interface and the associated data. The created mobile application facilitates the design’s ongoing sequencing. The design feature that uses a mathematical model to select the proper torque is unique. The design’s mechanical components are strong and of high quality. The electro-mechanical device’s design must consider the curtain’s everyone. It also showed to help many end-user families and caregivers feel more independent and safer. The wireless network made up of a Raspberry Pi, an Arduino Uno, and other opensource software programmers has a number of appealing qualities, such as being portable, affordable, scalable, customizable, and simple to manage.

The eventual purpose of this project is to enable remote control of some components of the house. The users’ access to a mobile application is the most practical approach to accomplish it. Readings from this application will come from

The sensors communicate with the home through the server and inform the user of any alterations that have occurred in the smart home. Utilizing this mobile application on his smartphone, the user will also be able to take actions in relation to the effects that occurred. For instance, raising the thermostat to maintain a specified temperature inside the home or turning on and off particular lights as needed.

Devices that are online are referred to as “things” in the “internet of things” (IoT) paradigm.

Devices are things like sensors and actuators that come with a processing unit, a communications link, a small amount of storage, and software programmers.

It makes it possible for objects to be connected to the internet, creating opportunities for device-to-device communication and interaction. Radio frequency identification (RFID), sensor technology, and intelligence technology make up the core components of the Internet of Things.

The building blocks and networking hub of the Internet of Things are RFID. Its processing and communication capabilities, together with its special algorithms, enable the integration of a wide range of components to operate as an integrated unit while also facilitating the simple addition and removal of components with the least possible negative effects.

This section focuses on the fusion of cloud computing, IoT, and smart homes to develop a new computing model. In the literature area, we may locate studies and research papers on cloud computing, IoT, and smart homes separately.

highlighting their distinctive qualities, traits, capabilities, and shortcomings.

Our strategy is the exact opposite. In order to enable the execution of new processes that would not otherwise be processed, we are examining the interrelationships between these three ideas and looking for approaches to combine them into a brand-new comprehensive paradigm. And main focusing on part of the mentions about the

We suggest an application for centralized real-time event processing.

We discuss the advantages and benefits of each independent component as well as any complements that may be created by integrating it with the other components, resulting in fresh advantages brought about by the entire compound system.

The integration between these components, which are still in the development stage, may alter and offer a stable paradigm that produces a new generation of infrastructure and applications because these components are still in development.

The adoption of the Smart Home system has been successful overall. Over the past year, working on this senior design project has been a worthwhile learning experience that has given me insight into design principles and the Internet of Things.

In this chapter, we covered how to combine cloud computing, IoT, and smart homes—three loosely coupled components. To coordinate and timely manage the enormous data flow in an effective and balanced manner, maximizing each person’s strengths and the knowledge gained from this project will be helpful in a post-graduate setting and improve engineering in the future.

Technical work

The most crucial consideration when creating smart homes is technology fit . It can be characterized as the consumers’ view of the system’s dependability, connectivity, and interoperability with other technologies. The opinion of the technology’s utility is closely correlated with these three variables. According to this viewpoint, research on the adoption of smart home technology have been progressively focusing more on the aspects of the technology that can possibly endanger users and affect how the technology is perceived.

Many of the smart home appliances available today are difficult to use. The user’s perspective on usability has not received enough attention because the majority of smart home projects have traditionally been solely technical. Reliability refers to a technology’s capability to last a long period, with expectations that a product’s lifecycle will last at least five to ten years. Users anticipate that smart homes will recognize their requirements and offer personalized help, however it was shown that most individuals are skeptical of the dependability of smart house items. Given that the mass market for smart homes has begun to emerge, it is crucial to ensure dependability by offering safe and secure services to potential customers. Smart homes’ capacity to gather and retain enormous amounts of private data raises ethical questions about privacy and security. Smart home technologies cannot be used in healthcare in several countries without the patient’s agreement, who must be fully informed of the service procedure. This is an example of how people are so deeply distrusted that they will not consent to the collecting of their personal information. Numerous studies have shown that the possibility of privacy intrusion significantly hinders the acceptance and implementation of smart homes.

Acceptance of smart home technology is hampered by legal concerns, particularly in regard to the health and social care sectors. There are no codified laws governing the usage of smart home technology, including the idea of medical health, as it is a relatively young field of study. Governments should modify the rules governing the practices in order to ensure widespread adoption of this technology. Given the legal gap, lawmakers could enact regulations to control disputes between smart home service providers and customers over the purchased good.

Physical borders between houses will be eliminated, and the idea of smart home technology—as well as entire industries—will be redefined as a result of the convergence of previously disparate gadgets. For instance, Apple has integrated the “Home Kit” and “CarPlay” platforms, allowing customers to control home appliances while on the road. That endeavor indicates a strong likelihood that businesses from various sectors would enter the market for smart home technology. However, despite ongoing improvements, there hasn’t been much research done on smart home ecosystems up to this point. The focus of research needs to shift from single devices to integrated systems in light of this rapid progress. Second, studies on specific devices focused on a fairly limited set of services. Future research must consider the different kinds of smart houses. the domestic 5G network

First, according to schedule, create the project proposal, and then abandon and Viva Voce Exam in this entire subpart are mentioned on the Gantt chart. Second, gather data and conduct research, including all information and meetings with professors according to schedule. Finally, because it is connected to my Gmail account, I am constantly updated on the status of my project.

This system’s research proposal schedules the research methodology The project proposal’s goal is to include a literature evaluation, a timetable, and all relevant facts in a chart.

The dissertation follows the chart. It is Mythology preattention purport and star formulation analysis and transportation. And Preparation for a viva with all relevant knowledge and propenal

13. Conclusion& Future Work

To conclude , by utilizing AI, it can intelligently connect Internet of Things in each unique smart house. Second, it quickly adapts to contemporary technologies and services, such as smart grids, and scales effectively. Finally, by implementing new integrated smart homes, Cloud of Things offers the opportunity to centralize scattered data into a few big-data storages. This demand is satisfied by our 5G Smart Home solution, which combines dual 5G and WLAN home routers with 5G network slicing. At the Secure 5G4IoT lab, a prototype that offers two network slices—one for 5G match devices and one for WLAN devices—has been successfully implemented. It would be interesting to introduce in later works.

industries and smart home technology in general. For instance, Apple has integrated the “Home Kit” and “CarPlay” platforms, allowing customers to control home appliances while on the road. That endeavor indicates a strong likelihood that businesses from various sectors would enter the market for smart home technology. However, despite ongoing improvements, there hasn’t been much research done on smart home ecosystems up to this point . The focus of research needs to shift from single devices to integrated systems in light of this rapid progress. Second, studies on specific devices focused on a fairly limited set of services. Future research must consider the different kinds of smart houses. The different characteristics to be shown in the acceptance and adoption processes may be supported by the contextual difference.

One of the most common IoT applications, Smart Home, has a variety of complex and demanding performance, security, and management requirements.

and price. The article lists the disadvantages of the existing Smart Home solutions utilizing different wireless technologies and demonstrates how the network slicing approach might correct these flaws. The pilot programmed has just been launched at this point, and more work needs to be done to apply it elaborately with more home applications and gadgets.

Additionally, a trial including actual users would be very beneficial for gathering input that could be utilized to adjust the network slices. Last but not least, efforts should be made to find commercial prospects and develop business plans for the 5G Smart Home campaign.

The system design can improve the utility of the design unit in an appealing fashion by utilizing Wi-Fi___33, Touch panel, Bluetooth, and IR Remote control units. As an alternative, a novel strategy is to offer the electro-mechanical platform for all varieties of curtain movement.

The proposed product application is best brought together by a combination of distinctive hardware design models and integrated system software. The IoT architecture for automation has a special server model interface. Enough consideration is given to customer compatibility when employing the design unit. Customer satisfaction is excellent at all times.

A home automation system built on the Internet of Things can only function in the presence of the internet. IoT device adoption is growing, raising both challenges and advantages. Wi-Fi, however, it is not network services that are available. This is a significant benefit of IOT. In this project, the use of a camera that is connected to the microcontroller may aid the user in deciding whether to welcome the visitor after receiving a picture of the visitor or an intruder. If the user determines that the visitor is an unknown person, the user may then forward the same picture to the police station while outlining his situation.

Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing, or OFDM, is the foundation of 5G. It is a technique for modulating a digital transmission across a number of channels to lessen interference. 5G employs the 5G NR air interface in addition to OFDM concepts. Wider bandwidth technologies like mm Wave and sub-6 GHz are also used by 5G.

A successful 5G Smart Home solution may be challenging given that 5G can only support devices with 5G access as of today’s specifications. A Smart Home solution needs to be able to handle other current wireless technologies like WLAN in order to be effective. Low Energy Bluetooth, Z-Wave, Zigbee, etc.

The 5G Smart devices and homes are connected via technologies and wireless connections with extremely fast networks, and all devices in smart homes are associated with primary ZigBee devices that manage the network of 5G connections. As for security, there are some issues with that, but we install systems with projection software to be on the safe side. Additionally, some issues like hacking and minor theft problems are also present.

14. References

Bruno Djokovic, Bernardo Santos, Josef Noll, Van Than Do, Boning Feng and Thanh Van Do: Enabling Smart Home with 5G Network Slicing, Proceedings of the 2019 IEEE 4th International Conference on Computer and Communication Systems ICCCS 2019, ISBN 978-1-7281-1321-0, Singapore, 23-25 February 2019.

Zigbee Alliance: ZigBee Cluster Library Specification Rev 6 – Draft Version 1.0, Chapter Document: 14-0125, ZigBee Document: 07-5123- 06, Jan 2016.

“IoT sensor network-based strategy for agricultural field monitoring and control,” International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, vol. [9], by S. A. Giachetti and R. Patil. The use of IoT in the medical system, D. Lu and T. Liu, Proceedings of the International Symposium on IT in Medicine and Education, Guangzhou, China,

[10] Effective approaches to employ the Internet of Things in the field of medicine and intelligent health care, K. Ullah, M. A. Shah, and S. Zhang, Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent Systems Engineering, Islamabad, Pakistan,

Zigbee Alliance: Base Device Behavior Specification Ver 1.0 – ZigBee Document 13-0402-13, Feb 2016. Z-Wave Alliance, Smart Home Powered by Z-Wave, [Online]. Available at: (Accessed April 2019).

G. D. Putra, A. R. Pratima, A. Laozi and M. Aiello, “Comparison of energy consumption in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth communication in a Smart Building,” 2017 IEEE 7th Annual Computing and Communication Workshop and Conference (CCWC), Las Vegas, NV, 2017, pp. 1-6. Doi: 10.1109/CCWC.2017.7868425.

          Knisley et all: Standardization of Femtocells in 3GPP; IEEE Communication Magazine september2019.

         Alexander Stanek, Ode Kao. (2016). A proposal for REST with XMPP as base   protocol for Intercloud Communication, Technosphere University, at Berlin Complex and Distributed IT Systems Berlin, Germany: pp. 1-6

          Jeetendra Joshi, Vishal Raja Priya, S R Rahul, Pranitha Kumar, Siddhanth Pole ally, Rohit Samnani, and D G Kamal Taj. (2017). Performance Enhancement andm Io Based Monitoring for Smart Home, India: IEEE, pp. 468-473

          Ravi Kishore Kodaly and Vishal Jain “ IOT based smart security and Home Automation system” International conference onmcomputing, communication and automation (ICCCA 2016)

             R. Payara and M. Tazel, “Bluetooth based home automation system using cell phone,” Consumer Electronics (ISCE), 2011

               IEEE 15th International Symposium on, Singapore, 2011, pp 192-195.

Mohammed Saleh Ali Muthanna, Ammar Muthanna, Abdulkadir Karimov, Ruslan Kircher, and Andrey Soucheray. (2017). Faculty of Information Technology, “Investigation of Remote Control IoT Devices Based on Cloud Platforms and Different Interaction Protocols,”

Information Communication Networks and Systems, Saint Petersburg State University of Telecommunications, Department of Communications Networks, IEEE, pp. 160–163.

Yue Ming Lu, Yonghua Li, and Jian Liu (2016). Beijing, China: pp. 1-4. A Multi-Control Center Household Appliances Coordinated Control Method Based on Events and Actions

 Lihou Chen, Aurora Gil-de-Castro, Francisco J. Bellido-Outeiro, Emilio J. Palacios-Garcia, and José M. Flores-Arias. (2015). University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Andalusia, Spain: IEEE, “In-Home Data Acquisition and Control System Based on BLE,”

IEEE: IEEE 802.11: Physical Layer (PHY) and Medium Access Control (MAC) Specifications for Wireless LAN. (2016 update). 14 December 2016. IEEE-SA. doi:10.1109/IEEESTD.2016.7786995.

ITU: Recommendation Asymmetric digital subscriber line transceivers 2 (ADSL2) Series G: Transmission Systems and Media, Digital Systems and Networks (ITU-T G.992.3) Access networks for digital sections and digital line systems. ITU’s division for telecommunications standardisation, April 2009.

ITU: Recommendation  Very high-speed digital subscriber line transceivers, ITU-T G.993.1 (VDSL). July 2016.

Very high-speed digital subscriber line transceivers 2 (VDSL2) are recommended by ITU-T G.993.2 [14]. July 2016

Saad al-summit, A., M.H. Ahmed, and M.M.A. Salama, Smart Home Activities: A Literature Review. Electric Power Components & Systems, 2014. 42(3/4): p. 294-305.

  1. Han, D.-M. and J.-H. Lim, Design and implementation of smart home energy management systems based on ZigBee. IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, 2010. 56(3): p. 14171425.
  2. Han, J., et al., Smart home energy management system including renewable energy based on ZigBee and PLC. IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, 2014. 60(2): p. 198-202.
  3. Lillis, D., et al., Smart home energy management, in Recent Advances in Ambient Intelligence and Context-Aware Computing. 2015, IGI Global. p. 155-168.
  4. Hu, Q. and F. Li, Hardware design of smart home energy management system with dynamic price response. IEEE Transactions on Smart grid, 2013. 4(4): p. 1878-1887.
  5. Zhao, Z., et al., An optimal power scheduling method for demand response in home energy management system. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 2013. 4(3): p. 1391-1400.
  6. Paine, A., Understanding the dynamics of technological configurations: A conceptual framework and the case of Smart Homes. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 2009. 76(3): p. 396-409.
  7. Xu, K., et al., Toward software defined smart home. IEEE Communications Magazine, 2016. 54(5): p. 116-122.
  8. Peek, S.T.M., et al., Factors influencing acceptance of technology for aging in place: A systematic review. International Journal of Medical Informatics. [Online]. 83 (4). pp. 235– 248. Available from: 2014.

        Csaba, S.J., Long-term care services and support systems for older adults: The

           role of technology. American Psychologist, 2016. 71(4): p. 294-301.

Kon, L.G., Telehealth and the global health network in the 21st century. From homecare to public health informatics. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, 2001. 64(3): p. 155-167.

  • Diagrams should be self-explanatory (adequate annotation and captions) and should be
  • A survey of internet of things technologies, by J. Tan and S. G. M. Koo, in IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems, Marina Del Rey, CA, pp.
  • 269–274, 2014. 10.1109/DCOSS.2014.45 is the DOI.
  • [4] In Proceeding of the 12th International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology, Al-Ali, UAE, pp. 1-6, K. A. Al Rabie and S. Harus, “Internet of Things: Applications and Challenges,” 2016.
  • 10.1109/INNOVATIONS.2016.7880054 is the DOI.
  • [5] S. Agrawal and M. Lal Das, “Internet of Things: A paradigm shift of Future Internet Applications,” Proceedings of the Niram University International Conference on Engineering, Ahmedabad, India, 2011, pp. 1–7. 10.1109/NUiConE.2011.6153246 is the DOI. located in close proximity to where they are first mentioned in the text.

    All sections should be divided into appropriate sections and sub-sections.

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Qualitative data analysis technique called thematic analysis includes reading the data collection and looking for patterns in the meaning of the data to determine the theme. Making sense of the data is an active reflexive process in which the researcher’s personal experience is important. On Instagram, though, any company can

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PHE5STL: Systems Thinking and Leadership

Assessment 2: Complex problem briefing paper instructions and submission link PHE5STL: Systems Thinking and Leadership Assessment 2: Complex, or messy, problem briefing paper Assignment type Briefing paper/policy advising paper Weighting 20% Word count / length 1,500 words Note: The word count does not included references however does include in-text citations

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Assessment 1 Week-6: UML Modelling for a shopping mall

Assessment 1(    ) Information and Rubric Subject Code  ICT505 Subject Name  Software Development Assessment Number and Title  Assessment 1 Week-6: UML Modelling for a shopping mall Assessment Type Lab Activity Length / Duration  45 Minutes Weighting %  10% Total Marks  100 Submission Online Submission Due Date Week-6 (Sunday 23:59) Mode

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The Geopolitical, Economic and Legal Environment  

Faculty of Business and Law Assignment Brief Mode E and R Regulations Module Title: The Geopolitical, Economic and Legal Environment     Assignment Number 2 Module Code: 7010SSL   Assignment Title Macro Analysis Report Module Leader: Dr. Bentil Oduro   Assignment Credits 10           Release Date:

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Paragraph Template: TEEL Structure

 With this example from the discussion board, you can see Courtney answered the question with all four elements very clearly. This gives a coherent answer using different kinds of information and academic integrity. Bias is a natural behaviour of tendency to be in favour or against something in particular. From

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Choosing the Perfect Event Theme

Choosing the Perfect Event Theme Theme selection is crucial to creating a memorable and meaningful graduation celebration for the class. This selection should reflect their accomplishments and identities. Graduation marks the end of a long period of hard work, commitment, and personal growth.  Therefore, choosing a theme that effectively captures

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