Sustainable development was a concept that was first time talked about and discussed in 1987 by the publication of the Brundtland Report. It warned people about the negative impact on the environment due to economic growth and globalization. Sustainable development basically focuses on human needs, development, and growth while also keeping in mind the impact it has on the environment. Human developments[SP1] meeting sustainable nature systems to provide natural resources is its main goal.
Ideation of the concept
The idea of Sustainable development was originally generated from the sustainable forest management need in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries. The idea was conceived due to the urgent need to reduce the depletion of timber in England. John Evelyn also mentioned in his essay Sylva that, “sowing and planting of trees had to be regarded as a national duty of every landowner, in order to stop the destructive over-exploitation of natural resources.” Many other people like him supported this idea of sustainable development and the head authorities took the initial steps to execute wise use of natural resources to preserve and sustain nature.
Pillars of sustainability
- Environment sustainability
At the environmental level, nature stays well preserved along with providing the society with abundant natural resources if used wisely. It ensures the protection of exhaustible natural resources for a brighter future. Actions such as environment[SP2] conservation, saving water, supporting sustainability movements, and people doing their part ensures a sustainable environment.
- Social sustainability
At the social level, sustainable development forces people to change and develop according to the needs of the environment. It helps bring positive change and develops communities, societies, and cultures. It helps in creating awareness among people regarding nature, cultures, developments, and the planet.
- Economic development
Sustainability indirectly forces equal gender growth that will in turn generate wealth for all without harming or depleting the environment. Authorities responsible for equal distribution of the resources play a big role in this section of development[SP3] as the economic future of the globe lies in their hands.
Goals for sustainable development
The sustainability development goals are initially a call and an order form the United Nations to all the nations around the globe to work towards the betterment of the environment, and in the long run, the planet. Some of the primary goals are support the generation of new ideas to support the environment as well as develop human resources, promoting collaborations between different authorities of the society to attain a sustainable environment, care for the environment by tackling climate change, protecting oceans and ecosystems and reduce inequality in the world.
UNESCO and Sustainable development
Sustainable development is an overarching and a wide perspective goal of the United Nations. It is an integration of four different dimensions which are society, environment, culture and economy. These are all intertwined with each other and UNESCO wishes to achieve development in all while creating a highly sustainable environment. To achieve this, many various kinds of processes and projects are undergoing pertaining to different streams and areas which in turn will leads to the ultimate goal of the organization. UNESCO also overlooks all the nations regarding this matter and helps provide resources for their respective projects and undertakings.
How does it affect individuals?
Sustainability affects all the living creatures on this planet as we all depend on the society and environment the most. If we neglect taking care of these primary resources of our being, our species could fall into fatal danger. By incorporating a will and executing projects regarding sustainability, we can ensure a bright future for ourselves and our environment.
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