In this report, Stress is explained with authentic information, and symptoms arising it are discussed. Effects of stress are explained in a well-defined manner for a better understanding of the reader. Along with that, treatments that can be implemented to overcome these issues are mentioned below for a better understanding of the reader.
Stress is described as any external or internal stimuli that cause a biological reaction. Stress reactions are the coping mechanisms used to deal with these stresses. A sense of mental or physical discomfort is referred to as stress. Any incident or thinking that makes you upset, furious, or anxious will cause it. Stress may have a variety of effects on the body, varying from changes in homeostasis including life-threatening consequences and death, depending on the form, timing, and magnitude of the administered stimuli. Many pathophysiological symptoms of illness are caused by stress, and people who are prone to stress, such as those who live or work in stressful situations, are more likely to have a variety of disorders. Many illnesses and pathological disorders may be triggered or aggravated by stress.
Stress and Health
Stress is the body’s response to a threat or demand. In quick spurts, tension may be beneficial, such as whether it lets you escape disaster or reach a deadline. (Yaribeygi et al, 2017) However, excessive stress can be detrimental to your health.
Stress is a natural emotion. It is characterized into two forms:
- Acute strain: This is a temporary burden that will pass easily. When you bang on the breaks, have a battle with your girlfriend, or ride down the hill, you sense it. It assists in dealing with potentially dangerous circumstances. It can even happen when you do something novel or interesting. All experience acute tension at some point in their lives.
- Chronic Stress: In this type of tension lasts for a lengthy interval of time. I have financial troubles, unhappy with the marriage, or problems at work, you might be suffering from chronic stress. It is characterized as a form of stress that lasts for days or weeks. It can become so habitual that you don’t know it’s a problem. Stress will be harmful to health if don’t learn how to treat it.
Over the last 50 years, researchers have been researching the impact of stress on this nervous system. As per some research, stress has a wide range of impacts on the body’s nervous system and can induce physiological changes in various areas of the brain.
Chronic stress causes cognitive decline or contributes to weight loss. These radical reforms result in variations in fear response, awareness, and memory. Along with that, the number and severity of the charges vary depending on the degree of stress and the length of the stress. Even so, now it is clear that stress can induce physiological brain changes, which can have long-term implications for the brain.
Stress, according to different studies, can trigger morphological and anatomical changes in the hippocampus portion of the brain. Atrophy or neurogenesis diseases are examples of developmental changes.
Furthermore, excessive stress and, as a result, a rise of plasma cortisol cause a decline in the rate of dendritic branches as well as neurons, and also radical shifts in nerve vesicles.
SYMPTOMS AND EFFECTS OF STRESS:
A person’s personal physical or emotional reaction to the stresses or stresses of everyday life is referred to as stress. Job, money, relationships, and sickness are all common sources of stress. Significant disasters, such as the Covid-19 epidemic or the Cornwall earthquakes, will also heighten tension and anxiety. The central nervous body system regulates heart rate, pulse, visual changes, and other bodily functions( Mikocka et al, 2021). Its response to stress, known as the “fight-or-flight response,” aids the body in coping with traumatic circumstances. When an individual is under long-term pressure, the stress is constantly activated, causing stress and strain on the body. Symptoms of physical, mental, and behavioral origin arise and explained below in well-arranged order:
Physical manifestations of stress are in the following ways:
- Heart problems or the sense that the heart is speeding
- Exhaustion or difficulties sleeping
- Aches and pains, dizziness, or sweating are all symptoms of vertigo.
- Blood pressure that is too high.
- Muscle stiffness or clenching of the mouth.
- Problems of the liver or intestines.
Mental and emotional symptoms are discussed below:
- Irritability or fear.
- Suffering from depression
- Panic attacks occur.
- Anxiety or depression.
- Rage, irritability, or irritation
- Overwhelmed or frustrated, unmotivated, or unable to concentrate.
- Sleeping difficulties or oversleeping
- Constant worry or racing thoughts
- You’re having recall or attention issues.
- Giving wrong choices.
People who suffer from chronic stress also attempt to cope by engaging in risky habits such as:
- Excessive or frequent drinking.
- The act of gambling.
- Overeating or the emergence of an eating problem
- Compulsively engaging in sex, browsing, or internet surfing.
- Tobacco usage.
- Taking drugs.
These habits result in the degrading of values and social behavior and terms in life. At last, regret arises in life because of inheriting wrong ways to forget or overcome stress.
Causes of stress occurring in life:
- The untimely death of a loved one.
- Divorce is finalized.
- The loss of a career.
- Financial responsibilities have risen.
- We’re getting married.
- Relocating to a new residence.
- Illness or accident that is continuing.
- Emotional issues
TREATMENT OF STRESS:
Since we all know that stress has a really bad impact on society as it depressed many people and takes them away from social life. Many issues like deaths due to suicide are the outcomes of stress. (Farhoudian et al, 2019). So there is a need to make and adapt adequate methods and principles in life to overcome this type of problem, Along with that there is a need to change some policies and in terms of enhancing Stress management.
Below are some ways through which we all can together overcome stress, by implementing them in daily life routine:
- Exercise: While it can be contrary, placing physical stress on the body by exercise may help alleviate mental stress.
These advantages are greatest when you workout daily. Many who workout daily are far less likely to suffer from anxiety than people who may not exercise. Throughout the long term, physical activity can reduce the body’s stress levels, like cortisol. Also, it aids in the release of endorphins, which are molecules that increase the mood which functions as default pain relievers. Daily exercise can mean you sound more capable and secure in the body, which promotes mental well-being.
- Proper diet: Health plays a major role in the development and enhancement of the body. If the body is fit then many problem solutions can be created but while a person is a hungry mind doesn’t work with full efficiency. Therefore all must inherit a proper schedule healthy diet. Some examples of supplements to be added to the diet are Green Tea, Lemon balm, Valerian, and many more.
- Decrease Caffeine intake: It is a stimulant that can be used in caffeine, tea, cocoa, and sports drinks. ( Musana, et al, 2020). Nervousness can be aggravated by high doses. Caffeine resistance levels range from person to person.
If caffeine leaves you jittery or nervous, try reducing your consumption.
While various studies indicate that coffee could be safe when drunk in moderation, it is not for everybody.
- Spend your time with relatives and friends: While spending time with one to whom we love. Generally, we forget the stress and anxiety occurring in our life and built-in joy and happiness emerged in the body. Everything becomes more attractive and joyful According to one report, enjoying time with family, friends, or kids women produce oxytocin, the natural pain reliever. Its effect is known as “tend and befriend,” and that it is the inverse of the fight-or-flight reaction.
- Laugh: Laughter will also act as antioxidants and morale in the long run.
Analysis of cancer patients showed that all those who participated in the laughter control group reported more pain relief than someone who was merely overwhelmed. Watch a funny and enjoyable TV show or spending time with people that cheer you up and make you feel happy.
- Avoid procrastination: Procrastination will cause you to behave reactively, leaving you rushing to catch up. This will lead to fatigue, which hurts your well-being and sleeps quality. Work on what needs to be accomplished today and allow yourself bits of idle sleep, as jumping between projects or multitasking can be exhausting in itself.
- Listen to Music: Smooth classical music can activate the relaxing reflex by lowering blood pressure, heart rate, and stress hormones. Some forms of classical, Celtic, Native American and Indian music can be especially calming, but merely listening to music you love can also be helpful
In this report, well analysis of the term Stress is done through real-life examples and its impact on society is explained in a well-defined order to make a brief overview of the topic. Along with that the symptoms and effects associated with it are explained with the overcome strategies to be adapted to overcome the issue of Stress and proper enhancement of the individual.
- Yaribeygi, H., Panahi, Y., Sahraei, H., Johnston, T. P., & Sahebkar, A. (2017). The impact of stress on body function: A review. EXCLI Journal, 16, 1057.
- Farhoudian, R., Jafarpour, H., Barimani, A., Farhoudian, R., & Rezaei, R. (2019). The effectiveness of stress management training on the mental health status of addicts referred to an addiction treatment clinic. Chronic Diseases Journal, 7(3), 186-194.
- Musana, J. W., Cohen, C. R., Kuppermann, M., Gerona, R., Wanyoro, A., Aguilar, D., … & Weiss, S. J. (2020). Association of differential symptoms of stress to hair cortisol and cortisone concentrations among pregnant women in Kenya. Stress, 23(5), 556-566.
- Mikocka-Walus, A., Stokes, M., Evans, S., Olive, L., & Westrupp, E. (2021). Finding the power within and without: How can we strengthen resilience against symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression in Australian parents during the COVID-19 pandemic?. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 110433.
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