Fire Technology Assignment
CO1. Fire is called burning, which means burning. Inflammation refers to the type of oxidation reaction. Oxidation is commonly referred to as a mixture of chemicals and oxygen. It refers to an exothermic reaction, that is it releases heat energy.
Smoke is emitted when the burn does not fully subside. During a fire, everything is said to be burned, producing only water and carbon dioxide. In partial heat occurs, everything is not heated.
Effective fire protection is provided in buildings that use fire extinguishing systems such as fire extinguishers and water. Also, sometimes hypoxic air detection systems and ventilation systems are also used. Instead, idle fire protection included those related to the construction environment itself.
CO2. Building Design:
Diagram with label:
Firefighters are provided with a ‘first’ attack on firefighting, usually taken by people inside the building before firefighters arrive.
Fire Hose Reels:
Fire hoses are provided for use by residents as a ‘first attack’ but may, in some cases, be used by firefighters.
Fire Hydrant System:
A hydrant system is a water mixing system used to transport water to reduce the amount of piping
The spray head is an automatic tap (which only opens once).
CO3. Legislative Framework:
• During the design phase, all the actors involved in the implementation of the construction project must work together to ensure that the building design meets all fire safety requirements.
• During the construction, operation and installation of systems, products and equipment must be carefully ensured to comply with the design and fire safety requirements.
• Examination of existing buildings is essential to ensure that maintenance is properly maintained and to identify possible alterations, breaches or improvements.
Over time we have learned the basic fire safety principles for preventing fire incidents and managing their effects (i.e., General Principles: Prevention, Discovery and Communication, Resident Protection, Prevention and Extinguish) that can be applied consistently around the world.
1. Provide adequate escape routes
2. Explain the clear exit routes
3. Install smoke detection systems. …
4. Maintain smoke reduction programs. …
5. Perform fire extinguishing exercises regularly. …
6. Use flammable materials in the interior. …
7. Make your office accessible to firefighters. …
8. Keep building plans up close.
9. Ask local firefighters to check safety
10. Compliance with the National Building Code
CO5. The fire risk reduction process is similar to many common planning processes in asset management. It may vary depending on the site, but usually includes the following categories:
• document important aspects of the background, and understand cultural significance
• define certain security objectives of the site, in addition to the safety of health
• identify fire hazards in the area very carefully to prevent the spread
• evaluating and selecting security solutions that meet security objectives while minimising impact on key cultural aspects of the site.
Test Description Category:
1.Description: Two floors, approximately rectangular, height: 3000m ^ 2
2.Part D Access and exit
SA D1.2 Required exit number
Classes 2 through 8 — In addition to any horizontal exit, no less than 2 exits should be provided from the following:
storage warehouse in bulk grain storage if the distance to the exit is more than 150 meters; and
the level of the silo cell type gallery in the bulk storage area.
SA D1.3 Where fireproof stairs and ramps are required
5th, 6th, 7th or 9th Class Buildings – All stairs or ramp that serves as an exit required must be separate unless—
it is a necessary way to get out of the grain storage area and there are no windows or doors open within 3 meters of stairs, ramps or ladders.
SA D1.4 Exit travel distances
Farm buildings – However (c), on a farm building—
no lower point must be more than 20 m from the exit point, or the point where the route to the various routes to the 2 exits is available, where the maximum distance to one of those exits must not exceed 60 m; and
in the machine room, planting room or the like, the exit point that gives the floor at the level of access to a road or open space can be increased to 30 meters.
Bulk storage – However (c), bulk grain storage—
when the required exit is separated by spaces not exceeding 100 meters, the distance to the exit point of the cell-type cell or storage shed is not limited.
SA D1.5 Distance between other exit routes
However (c), the exits required as an alternative exit from the farm building must not be more than 80 meters apart.
SA D1.9 Walking on individual stairs fire and ramps
In the grain or mole storage area, the extension from any ground floor to the exit road or open area in the form of unsealed stairs, an isolated ramp or a ladder is not limited.
3. Hydrants: A fire extinguisher or firelock is a place to connect where firefighters can get into the water.
Sprinklers: A fire sprayer or spray head is part of an exhaust system.
4. Smoke hazard control systems have been put in place to keep the exhaust, heat and toxic gases long enough to allow for safe evacuation of building occupants. This is achieved by removing smoke or limiting its movement to other parts of the building away from the fire.
The use of A2.2 (2) complies with the complexity of the relevant Performance Solution. A large and complex Application solution will require a comprehensive design-based design (PBDB) and detailed analysis. In contrast, a simple Performance Solution will have a complex process and document requirements.