Assessment 1 Part A Workbook Activities.
NUTR2005 Lifespan Nutrition
Activity 1: Nutritional Assessment Case study
Mark is a 35-year-old male in a sedentary job. He weighs 105kg and is 1.73m tall with a waist measurement of 101cm. He walks to and from work every day (20 minutes) and plays golf on the weekend. Mark’s 24-hour recall diet is as follows:
Breakfast: 3 x Wheat Bix with a cup of full cream milk
Morning Tea: Large flat white with 1 sugar
Lunch: Ham (2 slices) and cheese (2 slices, full fat) sandwich (white bread) with lettuce (1piece)
Afternoon tea: Large flat white with 1 sugar. Large blueberry muffin.
Dinner: Spaghetti Bolognaise (1 cup mince, 1 cup pasta, passata, and herbs). 2 x Beers.
Supper: 2 scoops of vanilla ice cream
Case study Questions:
- Calculate Mark’s, Basal Metabolic Rate, and Estimated Energy Requirement (EER) using the Schofield equation. In your answer, indicate how you calculated this.
The estimated Basal Metabolic rate is 2701 kcal/day. If Mark consumes 2701 kcal/ day he had merely maintain the current weight forward that he simply systematically maintained identical activity level. level. If he utterly eliminates any exercise (sedentary), he may consume 2701 kcal/day while not gaining weight.
- Compare Mark’s anthropometrical measurements to the Australian Guidelines.
As per the measurements, Mark is overweight as his BMI is 37.3.
- Compare Mark’s dietary intake of food groups against Australian recommendations and his EER.
Many of Australia’s health issues are caused by excessive consumption of foods that are heavy in calories, saturated fat, added sugars, and/or added salt but deficient in nutrients. Fried and fatty take-out foods, baked goods such as doughnuts, cakes, and cookies, savory snacks such as fries, and sugar-sweetened beverages are all examples. These meals can raise the risk of rapid weight gain and other diet-related illnesses and diseases if taken regularly. Inadequate consumption of nutrient-dense foods, such as vegetables, legumes/beans, fruit, and wholegrain cereals, is linked to several diet-related health issues in Australia. To promote health and wellness and to help guard against chronic illness, a wide variety of these healthy foods should be taken daily. He did not take diet as per standards; hence he is overweight.
- Based on your previous answers, make a short evidence-based assessment of Mark’s current health status.
The estimated Basal Metabolic rate is 2701 kcal/day. If Mark consumes 2701 kcal/ day he had merely maintain the current weight forward that he simply systematically maintained identical activity level. level. If he utterly eliminates any exercise (sedentary), he may consume 2701 kcal/day while not gaining weight. He faces health issues that are faced by many Australians because of excessive consumption of foods that are heavy in calories, saturated fat, added sugars, and/or added salt but deficient in nutrients. Fried and fatty take-out foods, baked goods such as doughnuts, cakes, and cookies, savory snacks such as fries, and sugar-sweetened beverages are all examples.
Activity 2: Nutrition in Male and Female
Choose oneof the following topics and briefly discuss its importance/ use about male and female fertility/preconception, referring to the evidence.
- Folic acid in Female preconception OR
Since about half of U.S. pregnant women are completely spontaneous, and main birth defects of the baby’s brain occur very early in pregnancy (3-4 weeks after conception), before many women know they are pregnant, all women of reproductive age should get 400 mcg of folic acid every day to help prevent some birth defects. If they are taking folic acid, a greater dose than 400 mcg per day is not necessarily better for preventing neural tube abnormalities, unless your doctor prescribes it for other reasons. Individuals that have already had a pregnancy impacted by a congenital defect should speak with their healthcare practitioner before getting pregnant. The CDC advises that these women take 4,000 micrograms of folic acid per day for one month before conception and the first three months of pregnancy.
- Iron in Female preconception OR
- Zinc in Male preconception OR
- CoQ10 in Male preconception
Activity 3: Nutrition in Pregnancy
Watch the case study excerpt video, available in the Assessment Information area.
Case study Questions:
- Which trimester of pregnancy is Pam currently in?
- Should Pam be eating for two? How much extra energy (in Kilojoules) does Pam need from her diet in her current trimester of pregnancy?
- To give Pam examples of what your increase in energy might look like, create three examples of well-balanced meals that will help Pam achieve her increase in energy recommendation per day (Use Foodworks (xyris.com.au), Food zone (foodzone.com.au) or Nutritics (en-au.nutritics.com) to create accurate recommendations)
- What are the current recommendations regarding fish intake in pregnancy?
- Make a recommendation of one supplement for Pam. Please justify your answer pointing to research.
Activity 4: Nutrition in Childhood case scenario
Emily is a 1-year-old toddler. Her weight has been recorded as:
|1 month||4.1 kg|
|3 months||5.9 kg|
|6 months||7.2 kg|
|9 months||9.8 kg|
|12 months||11.5 kg|
- Plot Emily’s growth using the WHO weight-for-age growth chart and attach it to this workbook. The chart can be found in the assessment information area.
- At what age did Emily’s weight start changing percentiles?
Emily’s weight has started changing from birth. She started gaining weight by 0.9 percentiles to 2.3 percentiles.
- Make an assessment of Emily’s weight over time and discuss possible reasons for these changes.
Some babies double their weight by five to six months of age and triple it with the growth of the body. Approximately, the weight of a toddler should be 8.9 kgs but Emily’s weight reached 11.5 kg. So, the parents of Emily have to visit a doctor to know the causes of weight increase.
- What recommendations would you make for Emily’s parents?
The parents of Emily should visit a pediatrician and track the size of a baby.